publication . Article . 2013

Economic conditions at the time of birth and cognitive abilities late in life: evidence from ten European countries.

Gabriele Doblhammer; Gerard J. van den Berg; Thomas Fritze;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2013 Journal: PLOS ONE (issn: 1932-6203, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Abstract
With ageing populations, it becomes increasingly important to understand the determinants of cognitive ability among the elderly. We apply survey data of 17,070 respondents from ten countries to examine several domains of cognitive functioning at ages 60+, and we link them to the macro-economic deviations in the year of birth. We find that economic conditions at birth significantly influence cognitive functioning late in life in various domains. Recessions negatively influence numeracy, verbal fluency, recall abilities, as well as the score on the omnibus cognitive indicator. The results are robust; controlling for current characteristics does not change effect ...
Subjects
free text keywords: Social Sciences, Samhällsvetenskap, Medicine, R, Science, Q, Research Article, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, Dementia, medicine.disease, Recall, Cognition, Cognitive skill, Numeracy, Developmental psychology, Social class, Survey data collection, Verbal fluency test, Gerontology, Psychology
Funded by
EC| SHARE-PREP
Project
SHARE-PREP
Upgrading the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe – preparatory phase
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 211909
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP4 | INFRA
,
NIH| HEALTH AND ECONOMIC STATUS IN OLDER POPULATIONS
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5P01AG008291-19
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
,
NIH| RAND CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF AGING
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5P30AG012815-10
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
,
EC| SHARE_LEAP
Project
SHARE_LEAP
Longitudinal Enhancement and Access imProvement of the SHARE infrastructure
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 227822
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP4 | INFRA
,
NIH| DEVELOPING AN ISRAELI VERSION OF THE HRS/SHARE PROJECT
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 1R21AG025169-01
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
76 references, page 1 of 6

1 Christensen K, Doblhammer G, Rau R, Vaupel JW (2009) Ageing populations: the challenges ahead. The Lancet 374: 1196–1208. [OpenAIRE]

2 Christelis D, Jappelli T, Padula M (2010) Cognitive abilities and portfolio choice. Eur Econ Rev 54: 18–38.

3 Smith JP, McArdle JJ, Willis R (2010) Financial Decision Making and Cognition in a Family Context. Econ J (London) 120: F363–F380.

4 Banks J, Oldfield Z (2007) Understanding Pensions: Cognitive Function, Numerical Ability and Retirement Saving. Fisc Stud 28: 143–170.

5 Leicht H, Heinrich S, Heider D, Bachmann C, Bickel H, et al (2011) Net costs of dementia by disease stage. Acta Psychiatr Scand 124: 384–395.21838738 [PubMed]

6 Kruger DJ, Turbeville AR, Greenberg EC, Zimmerman MA (2012) An increase in economic adversity is associated with poorer self-reported physical and mental health. J Behav Health 1: 134–137.

7 Kentikelenis A, Karanikolos M, Papanicolas I, Basu S, McKee M, et al (2011) Health effects of financial crisis: omens of a Greek tragedy. The Lancet 378: 1457–1458. [OpenAIRE]

8 van den Berg GJ, Lindeboom M, Portrait F (2006) Economic Conditions Early in Life and Individual Mortality. Am Econ Rev 96: 290–302.29125729 [PubMed]

9 van den Berg GJ, Doblhammer G, Christensen K (2009) Exogenous determinants of early-life conditions, and mortality later in life. Soc Sci Med 68: 1591–1598.19278762 [PubMed]

10 van den Berg GJ, Doblhammer-Reiter G, Christensen K (2011) Being born under adverse economic conditions leads to a higher cardiovascular mortality rate later in life: evidence based on individuals born at different stages of the business cycle. Demography 48: 507–530.21509649 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

11 Doblhammer G (2004) The Late Life Legacy of Very Early Life: Springer.

12 Bengtsson T, Lindstrom M (2000) Childhood misery and disease in later life: the effects on mortality in old age of hazards experienced in early life, southern Sweden, 1760–1894. Popul Stud (Camb) 54: 263–277.11640213 [PubMed]

13 Bengtsson T, Lindstrom M (2003) Airborne infectious diseases during infancy and mortality in later life in southern Sweden, 1766–1894. Int J Epidemiol 32: 286–294.12714551 [PubMed]

14 Barker DJP (1994) Mothers, Babies and Disease in Later Life: BMJ Publishing Group.

15 Forsdahl A (1977) Are poor living conditions in childhood and adolescence an important risk factor for arteriosclerotic heart disease? Br J Prev Soc Med 31: 91–95.884401 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

76 references, page 1 of 6
Abstract
With ageing populations, it becomes increasingly important to understand the determinants of cognitive ability among the elderly. We apply survey data of 17,070 respondents from ten countries to examine several domains of cognitive functioning at ages 60+, and we link them to the macro-economic deviations in the year of birth. We find that economic conditions at birth significantly influence cognitive functioning late in life in various domains. Recessions negatively influence numeracy, verbal fluency, recall abilities, as well as the score on the omnibus cognitive indicator. The results are robust; controlling for current characteristics does not change effect ...
Subjects
free text keywords: Social Sciences, Samhällsvetenskap, Medicine, R, Science, Q, Research Article, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, Dementia, medicine.disease, Recall, Cognition, Cognitive skill, Numeracy, Developmental psychology, Social class, Survey data collection, Verbal fluency test, Gerontology, Psychology
Funded by
EC| SHARE-PREP
Project
SHARE-PREP
Upgrading the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe – preparatory phase
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 211909
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP4 | INFRA
,
NIH| HEALTH AND ECONOMIC STATUS IN OLDER POPULATIONS
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5P01AG008291-19
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
,
NIH| RAND CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF AGING
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 5P30AG012815-10
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
,
EC| SHARE_LEAP
Project
SHARE_LEAP
Longitudinal Enhancement and Access imProvement of the SHARE infrastructure
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 227822
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP4 | INFRA
,
NIH| DEVELOPING AN ISRAELI VERSION OF THE HRS/SHARE PROJECT
Project
  • Funder: National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Project Code: 1R21AG025169-01
  • Funding stream: NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING
76 references, page 1 of 6

1 Christensen K, Doblhammer G, Rau R, Vaupel JW (2009) Ageing populations: the challenges ahead. The Lancet 374: 1196–1208. [OpenAIRE]

2 Christelis D, Jappelli T, Padula M (2010) Cognitive abilities and portfolio choice. Eur Econ Rev 54: 18–38.

3 Smith JP, McArdle JJ, Willis R (2010) Financial Decision Making and Cognition in a Family Context. Econ J (London) 120: F363–F380.

4 Banks J, Oldfield Z (2007) Understanding Pensions: Cognitive Function, Numerical Ability and Retirement Saving. Fisc Stud 28: 143–170.

5 Leicht H, Heinrich S, Heider D, Bachmann C, Bickel H, et al (2011) Net costs of dementia by disease stage. Acta Psychiatr Scand 124: 384–395.21838738 [PubMed]

6 Kruger DJ, Turbeville AR, Greenberg EC, Zimmerman MA (2012) An increase in economic adversity is associated with poorer self-reported physical and mental health. J Behav Health 1: 134–137.

7 Kentikelenis A, Karanikolos M, Papanicolas I, Basu S, McKee M, et al (2011) Health effects of financial crisis: omens of a Greek tragedy. The Lancet 378: 1457–1458. [OpenAIRE]

8 van den Berg GJ, Lindeboom M, Portrait F (2006) Economic Conditions Early in Life and Individual Mortality. Am Econ Rev 96: 290–302.29125729 [PubMed]

9 van den Berg GJ, Doblhammer G, Christensen K (2009) Exogenous determinants of early-life conditions, and mortality later in life. Soc Sci Med 68: 1591–1598.19278762 [PubMed]

10 van den Berg GJ, Doblhammer-Reiter G, Christensen K (2011) Being born under adverse economic conditions leads to a higher cardiovascular mortality rate later in life: evidence based on individuals born at different stages of the business cycle. Demography 48: 507–530.21509649 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

11 Doblhammer G (2004) The Late Life Legacy of Very Early Life: Springer.

12 Bengtsson T, Lindstrom M (2000) Childhood misery and disease in later life: the effects on mortality in old age of hazards experienced in early life, southern Sweden, 1760–1894. Popul Stud (Camb) 54: 263–277.11640213 [PubMed]

13 Bengtsson T, Lindstrom M (2003) Airborne infectious diseases during infancy and mortality in later life in southern Sweden, 1766–1894. Int J Epidemiol 32: 286–294.12714551 [PubMed]

14 Barker DJP (1994) Mothers, Babies and Disease in Later Life: BMJ Publishing Group.

15 Forsdahl A (1977) Are poor living conditions in childhood and adolescence an important risk factor for arteriosclerotic heart disease? Br J Prev Soc Med 31: 91–95.884401 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

76 references, page 1 of 6
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