Secondary Flow Phenomena in Rotating Radial Straight Pipes
Cheng, K. C.
- Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
International Journal of Rotating Machinery
TA1-2040 | Visualization | Transition flow. | Rotating radial pipes | Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
arxiv: Physics::Fluid Dynamics
Flow visualization results for secondary flow phenomena near the exit of a rotating radial-axis straight pipe (length ࡁ = 82 cm, inside diameter d = 3.81 cm, ࡁ/d 21.52) are presented to study the stabilizing (relaminarization) and destabilizing
(early transition from laminar to turbulent flow) effects of Coriolis forces for Reynolds numbers Re = 500 ∼ 4,500 and rotating speeds n = 0 ∼ 200 rpm. The flow visualization was realised by smoke injection method. The main features of the
transition phenomena are disclosed for Re = 1,500 and 4,500. The observed secondary flow patterns are found to be quite different from those obtained by theoretical or numerical analysis with one pair of symmetric and steady counter-rotating
vortices. The practical implications of the visualization study are pointed out.