EOG feature relevance determination for microsleep detection

Article English OPEN
Golz Martin ; Wollner Sebastian ; Sommer David ; Schnieder Sebastian (2017)
  • Publisher: De Gruyter
  • Journal: Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering (issn: 2364-5504)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1515/cdbme-2017-0053, doi: 10.1515/cdbme-2017-0172
  • Subject: microsleep | R | Automatic relevance determination | Medicine | electrooculography | support-vector machines

Automatic relevance determination (ARD) was applied to two-channel EOG recordings for microsleep event (MSE) recognition. 10 s immediately before MSE and also before counterexamples of fatigued, but attentive driving were analysed. Two type of signal features were extracted: the maximum cross correlation (MaxCC) and logarithmic power spectral densities (PSD) averaged in spectral bands of 0.5 Hz width ranging between 0 and 8 Hz. Generalised learn-ing vector quantisation (GRLVQ) was used as ARD method to show the potential of feature reduction. This is compared to support-vector machines (SVM), in which the feature reduction plays a much smaller role. Cross validation yielded mean normalised relevancies of PSD features in the range of 1.6 - 4.9 % and 1.9 - 10.4 % for horizontal and vertical EOG, respectively. MaxCC relevancies were 0.002 - 0.006 % and 0.002 - 0.06 %, respectively. This shows that PSD features of vertical EOG are indispensable, whereas MaxCC can be neglected. Mean classification accuracies were estimated at 86.6±b 1.3 % and 92.3±b 0.2 % for GRLVQ and SVM, respec-tively. GRLVQ permits objective feature reduction by inclu-sion of all processing stages, but is not as accurate as SVM.
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