publication . Article . 2011

Multiplatform observations of dust vertical distribution during transport over northwest Iran in the summertime

Vishkaee, Farhad Abdi; Flamant, Cyrille; Cuesta, Juan; Flamant, Pierre,; Khalesifard, Hamid R.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2011
  • Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Abstract
International audience; Dynamical processes leading to dust emission over Iran and surrounding countries in the summer as well as the subsequent transport of dust toward northwest Iran are analyzed on the basis of two case studies using a suite of ground-based and spaceborne remote sensing platforms together with modeling tools. Ground-based lidar measurements acquired in Zanjan provide new insight into the vertical distribution of dust linked to transport over northwest Iran and highlight the importance of low-level transport of dust from both Iraq and Iran for air quality issues in Tehran. During the 3-5 August 2007 case, dust emission regions are located in S...
Subjects
free text keywords: HYSPLIT, ECMWF, Boundary layer, Shamal, Remote sensing, [PHYS.PHYS.PHYS-AO-PH]Physics [physics]/Physics [physics]/Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics [physics.ao-ph]
37 references, page 1 of 3

Barth, H., and B. Boer (2002), Sabkha Ecosystems: The Arabian Peninsula and Adjacent Countries, 368 pp., Springer, New York.

Bayat, A., A. Masoumi, and H. R. Khalesifard (2010), Retrieval of atmospheric optical parameters from ground‐based Sun‐photometer measurements for Zanjan area, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 3, 2633-2649, doi:10.5194/amtd-3-2633-2010.

Buizza, R. (1997), Potential forecast skill of ensemble prediction and spread and skill distributions of the ECMWF Ensemble Prediction System, Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 99-119.

Cuesta, J., et al. (2008), Multiplatform observations of the seasonal evolution of the Saharan atmospheric boundary layer in Tamanrasset, Algeria, in the framework of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis field campaign conducted in 2006, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00C07, doi:10.1029/2007JD009417.

Cuesta, J., J. H. Marsham, D. J. Parker, and C. Flamant (2009), Dynamical mechanisms controlling the vertical redistribution of dust and the thermodynamic structure of the West Saharan Atmospheric Boundary Layer during summer, Atmos. Sci. Lett., 10(1), 34-42.

Engelstaedter, S., K. E. Kohfeld, I. Tegen, and S. P. Harrison (2003), Controls of dust emissions by vegetation and topographic depressions: An evaluation using dust storm frequency data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(6), 1294, doi:10.1029/2002GL016471.

Esmaili, O., M. Tajrishy, and P. Daneshkar Arasteh (2006), Results of the 50 year ground‐based measurements in comparison with satellite remote sensing of two prominent dust emission sources located in Iran, Proc. SPlE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 6362, 277-786, doi:10.1117/12.692989.

Fan, S. M., L. W. Horowitz, I. I. H. Levy, and W. J. Moxim (2004), Impact of air pollution on wet deposition of mineral dust aerosols, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L02104, doi:10.1029/2003GL018501.

Fernandez Partagas, J., D. M. Helgren, and J. M. Prospero (1986), Threshold wind velocities for raising dust in the western Sahara Desert, ARO Tech. Rep. 19684.3‐GS, Army Res. Off., Adelphi, Md.

Flamant, C., J.‐P. Chaboureau, D. J. Parker, and C. M. Taylor (2007), Airborne observations of the impact of a convective system on the planetary boundary layer thermodynamics and aerosol distribution in the inter‐tropical discontinuity region of the West African monsoon, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 133, 877-946, doi:10.1002/qj.97. [OpenAIRE]

GLOBE Task Team, et al. (1999), The Global Land One‐kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) Digital Elevation Model, Version 1.0., NOAA, Boulder, Colo. (Available at http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/topo/ globe.html)

Halek, F., M. Kianpour‐Rad, and A. Kavousirahim (2009), Seasonal variation in ambient PM mass and number concentrations (case study: Tehran, Iran), Environ. Monit. Assess., 169, 501-507, doi:10.1007/s10661-009- 1192-2. [OpenAIRE]

Helgren, D. M., and J. M. Prospero (1987), Wind velocities associated with dust deflation events in the Western Sahara, J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol., 26(9), 1147-1151.

Hoskins, B. J., M. E. McIntyre, and A. W. Robsertson (1985), On the use and significance of isentropic potential vorticity maps, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 111, 877-946. [OpenAIRE]

Hsu, N. C., S.‐C. Tsay, M. D. King, and J. R. Herman (2004), Aerosol properties over bright‐reflecting source regions, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 42(3), 557-569.

37 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
International audience; Dynamical processes leading to dust emission over Iran and surrounding countries in the summer as well as the subsequent transport of dust toward northwest Iran are analyzed on the basis of two case studies using a suite of ground-based and spaceborne remote sensing platforms together with modeling tools. Ground-based lidar measurements acquired in Zanjan provide new insight into the vertical distribution of dust linked to transport over northwest Iran and highlight the importance of low-level transport of dust from both Iraq and Iran for air quality issues in Tehran. During the 3-5 August 2007 case, dust emission regions are located in S...
Subjects
free text keywords: HYSPLIT, ECMWF, Boundary layer, Shamal, Remote sensing, [PHYS.PHYS.PHYS-AO-PH]Physics [physics]/Physics [physics]/Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics [physics.ao-ph]
37 references, page 1 of 3

Barth, H., and B. Boer (2002), Sabkha Ecosystems: The Arabian Peninsula and Adjacent Countries, 368 pp., Springer, New York.

Bayat, A., A. Masoumi, and H. R. Khalesifard (2010), Retrieval of atmospheric optical parameters from ground‐based Sun‐photometer measurements for Zanjan area, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 3, 2633-2649, doi:10.5194/amtd-3-2633-2010.

Buizza, R. (1997), Potential forecast skill of ensemble prediction and spread and skill distributions of the ECMWF Ensemble Prediction System, Mon. Weather Rev., 125, 99-119.

Cuesta, J., et al. (2008), Multiplatform observations of the seasonal evolution of the Saharan atmospheric boundary layer in Tamanrasset, Algeria, in the framework of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis field campaign conducted in 2006, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00C07, doi:10.1029/2007JD009417.

Cuesta, J., J. H. Marsham, D. J. Parker, and C. Flamant (2009), Dynamical mechanisms controlling the vertical redistribution of dust and the thermodynamic structure of the West Saharan Atmospheric Boundary Layer during summer, Atmos. Sci. Lett., 10(1), 34-42.

Engelstaedter, S., K. E. Kohfeld, I. Tegen, and S. P. Harrison (2003), Controls of dust emissions by vegetation and topographic depressions: An evaluation using dust storm frequency data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(6), 1294, doi:10.1029/2002GL016471.

Esmaili, O., M. Tajrishy, and P. Daneshkar Arasteh (2006), Results of the 50 year ground‐based measurements in comparison with satellite remote sensing of two prominent dust emission sources located in Iran, Proc. SPlE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 6362, 277-786, doi:10.1117/12.692989.

Fan, S. M., L. W. Horowitz, I. I. H. Levy, and W. J. Moxim (2004), Impact of air pollution on wet deposition of mineral dust aerosols, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L02104, doi:10.1029/2003GL018501.

Fernandez Partagas, J., D. M. Helgren, and J. M. Prospero (1986), Threshold wind velocities for raising dust in the western Sahara Desert, ARO Tech. Rep. 19684.3‐GS, Army Res. Off., Adelphi, Md.

Flamant, C., J.‐P. Chaboureau, D. J. Parker, and C. M. Taylor (2007), Airborne observations of the impact of a convective system on the planetary boundary layer thermodynamics and aerosol distribution in the inter‐tropical discontinuity region of the West African monsoon, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 133, 877-946, doi:10.1002/qj.97. [OpenAIRE]

GLOBE Task Team, et al. (1999), The Global Land One‐kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) Digital Elevation Model, Version 1.0., NOAA, Boulder, Colo. (Available at http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/topo/ globe.html)

Halek, F., M. Kianpour‐Rad, and A. Kavousirahim (2009), Seasonal variation in ambient PM mass and number concentrations (case study: Tehran, Iran), Environ. Monit. Assess., 169, 501-507, doi:10.1007/s10661-009- 1192-2. [OpenAIRE]

Helgren, D. M., and J. M. Prospero (1987), Wind velocities associated with dust deflation events in the Western Sahara, J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol., 26(9), 1147-1151.

Hoskins, B. J., M. E. McIntyre, and A. W. Robsertson (1985), On the use and significance of isentropic potential vorticity maps, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 111, 877-946. [OpenAIRE]

Hsu, N. C., S.‐C. Tsay, M. D. King, and J. R. Herman (2004), Aerosol properties over bright‐reflecting source regions, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 42(3), 557-569.

37 references, page 1 of 3
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publication . Article . 2011

Multiplatform observations of dust vertical distribution during transport over northwest Iran in the summertime

Vishkaee, Farhad Abdi; Flamant, Cyrille; Cuesta, Juan; Flamant, Pierre,; Khalesifard, Hamid R.;