A kinematic analysis of the spine during rugby scrummaging on natural and synthetic turfs

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Swaminathan, R.; Williams, Jonathan M.; Jones, M.D.; Theobald, P.S.;

Artificial surfaces are now an established alternative to grass (natural) surfaces in rugby union. Little is\ud known, however, about their potential to reduce injury. This study characterises the spinal kinematics of\ud rugby union hookers during scrummaging on third-g... View more
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