Subject: Rugby | scrum | spine | Biomechanics | playing surface | TA | Article | kinematic
Artificial surfaces are now an established alternative to grass (natural) surfaces in rugby union. Little is\ud known, however, about their potential to reduce injury. This study characterises the spinal kinematics of\ud rugby union hookers during scrummaging on third-g... View more
Peter S. Theobald http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3227-7130
Adams, M. A., & Hutton, W. C. (1982). Prolapsed intervertebral disc: A hyperflexion injury. Spine, 7(3), 184-191.
Adams, M. A., & Hutton, W. C. (1985a). Gradual disc prolapse. Spine, 10(6), 524-531.
Adams, M. A., & Hutton, W. C. (1985b). The effect of posture on the lumbar spine. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume, 67, 625-629.
Adams, M. A., McNally, D. S., Chinn, H., & Dolan, P. (1994). The clinical biomechanics award paper 1993: Posture and the compressive strength of the lumbar spine. Clinical Biomechanics, 9, 5-14.
Adams, M. A., McNally, D. S., & Dolan, P. (1996). “Stress” distributions inside intervertebral discs. The effects of age and degeneration. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume, 78, 965-972.
BBC. (2013). Blues' Ceri Sweeney impressed by Saracens' artificial pitch. Retrieved from www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/rugby-union/21227508
Berge, J., Marque, B., Vital, J. M., Senegas, J., & Caille, J. M. (1999). Agerelated changes in the cervical spines of front-line rugby players. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 27, 422-429.
Bohu, Y., Julia, M., Bagate, C., Peyrin, J.-C., Colonna, J.-P., Thoreux, P., & Pascal-Moussellard, H. (2009). Declining incidence of catastrophic cervical spine injuries in French rugby: 1996-2006. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 37(2), 319-323.