Making public health nutrition relevant to evidence-based action

Article English OPEN
Brunner, Eric ; Rayner, Mike ; Thorogood, Margaret ; Margetts, Barrie ; Hooper, Lee ; Summerbell, Carolyn ; Dowler, Elizabeth ; Hewitt, Gillian ; Robertson, Aileen ; Wiseman, Martin (2001)
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1079/PHN2001272
  • Subject: HN | RA0421 | HV | RA

Public health nutrition enjoyed many breakthroughs in the\ud 20th century – from the discovery of vitamins and the\ud metabolic roles of some 60 macro- and micronutrients, to\ud the effects of maternal and childhood diet on health over\ud the life course. Moreover, the food shortages in the UK that\ud were experienced during World War II gave the first\ud opportunity to show that nutritional science could make a\ud valuable contribution to public policy. However, public\ud health nutrition is now facing the challenge of deriving\ud recommendations based on systematically evaluated\ud evidence; that is, the new concept of evidence-based\ud nutrition. This challenge was foreseen by John Garrow\ud almost 10 years ago in his lucid editorial proposing the\ud formation of meta-analysis ‘clubs'.
  • References (13)
    13 references, page 1 of 2

    1 Garrow JS. Would clinical nutrition benefit from metaanalyses and trials registers. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1992; 46: 843 - 5.

    2 Kafatos AG, Codrington CA, eds. Eurodiet Reports and Proceedings [special issue]. Public Health Nutr. 2001; 4(2A): 265 - 436.

    3 Last JM, ed. A Dictionary of Epidemiology. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press 1995.

    4 Brunner EJ, White IR, Thorogood M, Bristow A, Curle D, Marmot MG. Can dietary interventions change diet and cardiovascular risk factors? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am. J. Public Health 1997; 87: 1415 - 22.

    5 Cutler JA, Follmann D, Allender PS. Randomised trials of sodium reduction: an overview. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1997 65: 643S - 51S.

    6 Hooper L, Summerbell CD, Higgins JPT, Thompson RL, Capps NE, Davey Smith G, Riemersma RA, Ebrahim S. Dietary fat intake and prevention of cardiovascular disease: systematic review. Br. Med. J. 2001; 322: 757 - 63.

    7 Mensink RP, Katan MB. Effect of dietary fatty acids on serum lipids and lipoproteins: a meta-analysis of 27 Trials. Art. Thromb. 1992; 12: 911 - 919.

    8 Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy. Nutritional Aspects of the Development of Cancer. London: The Stationery Office, 1998.

    9 Smith-Warner SA, Spiegelman D, Yaun SS, et al. Intake of fruits and vegetables and risk of breast cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies. JAMA 2001 285: 769 - 76.

    10 World Cancer Research Fund. Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective. Washington, DC: American Institute for Cancer Research, 1997.

  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    177
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    Warwick Research Archives Portal Repository - IRUS-UK 0 132
    LSHTM Research Online - IRUS-UK 0 24
    Online Research @ Cardiff - IRUS-UK 0 21
Share - Bookmark