Measuring the Effect of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participation on Food Security

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James Mabli ; Jim Ohls ; Lisa Dragoset ; Laura Castner ; Betsy Santos (2013)
  • Subject: SNAP, Food Security, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Nutrition | SNAP, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Food Security, Nutrition
    • jel: jel:I0 | jel:I1
    mesheuropmc: digestive, oral, and skin physiology

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides food assistance to more than 47 million low-income Americans every month. It aims to reduce hunger by facilitating beneficiaries’ access to enough food for a healthy, active lifestyle, otherwise known as "food security." Our study conducted for the Food and Nutrition Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture shows that SNAP participation is associated with improved food security. The study is the largest and most rigorous one to date examining the effect of SNAP on food security.
  • References (16)
    16 references, page 1 of 2

    1. Outcome Measures for the Food Security Analyses ............................8

    2. Outcome Measures for the Food Expenditure Analyses......................9

    3. Explanatory Variables......................................................................10

    1. Multivariate Analysis of Food Security..............................................11

    2. Multivariate Analysis of Food Expenditures......................................11

    3. Standard Errors ...............................................................................12

    4. Subgroup Analysis...........................................................................12 F. Limitations ............................................................................................13 A. Food Security Status of Six-Month and New-Entrant Households ...........................................................................................15 B. Food Security Status of Children in Six-Month and New-Entrant Households with Children......................................................................16 C. Food Spending of Six-Month and New-Entrant Households...................17 D. Explanatory Variables Used in Multivariate Analysis ...............................18

    1. Characteristics of Survey Respondents ............................................18

    2. Overview of Differences Between New Entrants and Each of the Two Samples of Six-Month Households.....................................23 C. Associations Between SNAP and Household Food Security, by Subgroup ..............................................................................................29

    1. Differences in Associations, by Household Composition..................30

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