Temporal alcohol availability predicts first-time drunk driving, but not repeat offending.

Article English OPEN
Timothy P Schofield ; Thomas F Denson
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
  • Journal: PLoS ONE, volume 8, issue 8 (issn: 1932-6203, eissn: 1932-6203)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC3737138, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071169
  • Subject: Alcohol | Social Epidemiology | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Research Article | Behavioral and Social Aspects of Health | Health Statistics | Medicine | Health Care Policy | Public Policy | Political Science | Epidemiology | Q | R | Psychology | Applied Psychology | Science | Public Health | Non-Clinical Medicine

Alcohol availability has been linked to drunk driving, but research has not examined whether this relationship is the same for first-time and repeat offenses. We examined the relationship between the business hours of alcohol outlets licensed to serve alcohol for on-premises consumption and misdemeanor-level (first offense) and felony-level drunk driving (repeat offense) charges in New York State in 2009. Longer outlet business hours were associated with more misdemeanor drunk driving charges, but were not associated with felony drunk driving charges. The per capita density of on-premises alcohol outlets did not affect misdemeanor or felony drunk driving charges. The results suggest that temporal alcohol availability may be an impelling factor for first-time drunk driving, but other factors likely influence repeat drunk driving behaviors.
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