Normalized Lift: An Energy Interpretation of the Lift Coefficient Simplifies Comparisons of the Lifting Ability of Rotating and Flapping Surfaces

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Burgers, Phillip ; Alexander, David E. (2012)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science
  • Journal: PLoS ONE, volume 7, issue 5 (issn: 1932-6203, eissn: 1932-6203)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC3357408, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036732
  • Subject: Flight Mechanics | Biological Fluid Mechanics | Research Article | Biology | Musculoskeletal System | Ornithology | Medicine | Biomechanics | Engineering | Anatomy and Physiology | Aerospace Engineering | Q | R | Science | Physics | Fluid Mechanics | Biophysics | Zoology

For a century, researchers have used the standard lift coefficient C(L) to evaluate the lift, L, generated by fixed wings over an area S against dynamic pressure, ½ρv(2), where v is the effective velocity of the wing. Because the lift coefficient was developed initially... View more
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