Unified framework for a side-by-side comparison of different multicomponent algorithms: lattice Boltzmann vs. phase field model

Article, Preprint English OPEN
Scarbolo, Luca ; Molin, Dafne ; Perlekar, Prasad ; Sbragaglia, Mauro ; Soldati, Alfredo ; Toschi, Federico (2011)
  • Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
  • Journal: JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS, volume 234, pages 263-279 (issn: 0021-9991)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.jcp.2012.09.029
  • Subject: Physics - Fluid Dynamics | Physics - Computational Physics
    arxiv: Nonlinear Sciences::Cellular Automata and Lattice Gases

Lattice Boltzmann Models (LBM) and Phase Field Models (PFM) are two of the most widespread approaches for the numerical study of multicomponent fluid systems. Both methods have been successfully employed by several authors but, despite their popularity, still remains unclear how to properly compare them and how they perform on the same problem. Here we present a unified framework for the direct (one-to-one) comparison of the multicomponent LBM against the PFM. We provide analytical guidelines on how to compare the Shan-Chen (SC) lattice Boltzmann model for non-ideal multicomponent fluids with a corresponding free energy (FE) lattice Boltzmann model. Then, in order to properly compare the LBM vs. the PFM, we propose a new formulation for the free energy of the Cahn-Hilliard/Navier-Stokes equations. Finally, the LBM model is numerically compared with the corresponding phase field model solved by means of a pseudo-spectral algorithm. This work constitute a first attempt to set the basis for a quantitative comparison between different algorithms for multicomponent fluids. We limit our scope to the few of the most common variants of the two most widespread methodologies, namely the lattice Boltzmann model (SC and FE variants) and the Phase Field Model.
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