From columbine to virgínia tech : empirical based reflections about an expanding phenomenon

Article Portuguese OPEN
Vieira, Timoteo Madaleno ; Mendes, Francisco Dyonísio Cardoso ; Guimarães, Leonardo Conceição (2009)
  • Publisher: SpringerOpen
  • Journal: (issn: 0102-7972, eissn: 1678-7153)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1590/S0102-79722009000300021
  • Subject: Ambientes sociais | Violência escolar | Psychology | Desenvolvimento psicossocial | BF1-990 | Social environments | School violence | School shooting | Tiroteios nas escolas | Psychosocial development | Bullying

O fenômeno conhecido como school shooting vem chamando a atenção do mundo, principalmente após a tragédia na Columbine High School, na cidade de Littleton, Colorado, nos Estados Unidos, em 1999. Posteriormente, em abril de 2007, o estudante Cho Seung-Hui protagonizou um massacre de proporções ainda maiores ao atirar contra estudantes do Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, matando 32 pessoas e se suicidando ao final. O presente artigo reflete sobre o fenômeno chamando a atenção para a sua expansão pelo mundo e traz uma reflexão, baseada em dados empíricos, sobre o desenvolvimento dos protagonistas dos massacres em seus contextos sociais, incluindo o ambiente familiar, a mídia e interações entre colegas nas escolas e universidades. _______________________________________________________________________________ ABSTRACT School shooting phenomenon has attracted attention throughout the world, especially after the Columbine massacre in April, 1999. In that event, 12 people died and about 30 were hurt. Some years later, in April 2007, Cho Seung-Hui carried out an even more impressive deed, shooting and killing 32 people at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA. This article presents school shooting as a growing phenomenon that may happen anywhere and not just in the United States. A reflection based on empirical research is presented focusing the development of school shooters in their social contexts, including home environment, media influence, and inter-students interactions in High Schools and universities.
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