Do Schools Discriminate Against Homosexual Parents? Evidence from an Internet Field Experiment

Research, Preprint English OPEN
Meix Llop, Enric ; Díaz Serrano, Lluís (2015)
  • Publisher: Universitat Rovira i Virgili. Departament d'Economia
  • Subject: 316 - Sociologia. Comunicació | H41 | I20 | Homofòbia | schools, field experiment, discrimination, homosexual rights | field experiment | Famílies homoparentals | K36 | Discriminació sexual en l'educació | 37 - Educació. Ensenyament. Formació. Temps lliure | schools | homosexual rights | discrimination | Espanya
    • jel: jel:I20 | jel:H41 | jel:K36
      ddc: ddc:330

The recognition of homosexual rights is a controversial issue in many countries. Spain was the third country in the world (after Netherlands and Belgium) to introduce a law recognizing homosexual marriage and adoption of children. In this paper, we examine for the first time whether schools are more hesitant to give feedback to homosexual parents during children's pre-registration period in Spain. In order to do that, we designed an internet field experiment to be conducted in schools. We created three types of fictitious couples; one heterosexual, one male homosexual and one female homosexual, and send emails to schools making sexual orientation explicit. Our results show that men homosexual couples had a significant lower probability to receive and answer than heterosexual couples (22.5 percentage points less). No statistically significant differences in the response rate were found between female homosexual and heterosexual couples. This result suggests that male homosexual couples might be penalized because of the lack of a maternal figure. Keywords: Discrimination, field experiment, schools, homosexual rights. JEL codes: H41, I20, K36
  • References (9)

    Adam, B.D., 1981. Stigma and Employability: Discrimination by Sex and Sexual Orientation in the Ontario Legal Profession. The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 18(2), 216-221.

    Ahmed, A.M., Hammarstedt, M., 2008a. Detecting discrimination against homosexuals: evidence from a field experiment on the Internet. Economica 76, 588-597.

    Ahmed, A. M., Andersson, L., Hammarstedt M., 2008b. Are lesbians discriminated against in the rental housing market? Evidence from a correspondence testing experiment. Journal of Housing Economics 17, 234-238.

    Ahmed, A. M., Andersson, L., Hammarstedt M., 2013. Are gay men and lesbians discriminated against in the hiring process? Southern Economic Journal, 79(3): 565-585

    Allegretto, S.A., Arthur, M.M., 2001. An empirical analysis of homosexual/heterosexual male earnings differentials: unmarried or unequal? Industrial and Labor Relations Review 54, 631-646.

    Arabsheibani, G., Marin, A., Wadsworth, J., 2004. In the pink. Homosexualheterosexual wage differentials in the UK. International Journal of Manpower 25, 343-354.

    Arabsheibani, G., Marin, A., Wadsworth, J., 2005. Gay pay in the UK. Economica 72, 333-347.

    Badgett, L., 1995. The wage effects of sexual orientation discrimination. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 48, 726-739.

    Humpert, S., 2012. Somewhere over the rainbow: Sexual orientation discrimination in Germany. University of Lüneburg, Working papers series in Economics nº245.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark