Article English OPEN
Bistra Netkova (2016)
  • Publisher: Institute for Research and European Studies
  • Journal: Journal of Liberty and International Affairs (issn: 1857-9760, eissn: 1857-9760)
  • Subject: Frauenpolitik | woman | Menschenrechte | Gender | Direct and Indirect Discrimination | human rights | equal treatment | Diskriminierung | sozialer Status | equal opportunity | legal norm | Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung | direct and indirect discrimination; CEDAW; ECHR; HRC of the ICCPR | Rechtsnorm | discrimination | Gleichheit | Affirmative action | international law | equality | Women's Studies, Feminist Studies, Gender Studies | Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie | Law | Chancengleichheit | JC11-607 | Recht | Gleichstellung | gender-specific factors | Political theory | Frau | social status | Gleichbehandlung | geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren | internationales Recht | women's policy | Frauenfeindlichkeit | mysogyny | Social sciences, sociology, anthropology

Discrimination against women based on the fact that they are women is a deeply rooted practice in all societies. However, the level of discrimination varies greatly with the level of development of the given society and strongly influences and vice versa it is influenced by the status of women in a given society. Addressing this gender-based discrimination is a difficult task because it is closely linked to the concept of equality, and state’s action and inactions. The article establishes that the States parties’ obligation is to ensure that there is no direct or indirect discrimination against women in their laws, sanctions, and other remedies and those women are protected against discrimination in the public, as well as, in the private spheres.
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