Effects of Car Accidents on Three-Lane Traffic Flow

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Chen, Jianzhong ; Peng, Zhiyuan ; Fang, Yuan (2014)
  • Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
  • Journal: Mathematical Problems in Engineering (issn: 1024-123X, eissn: 1563-5147)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1155/2014/413852
  • Subject: TA1-2040 | Mathematics | Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) | QA1-939 | Article Subject

A three-lane traffic flow model is proposed to investigate the effect of car accidents on the traffic flow. The model is an extension of the full velocity difference (FVD) model by taking into account the lane changing. The extended lane-changing rules are presented to model the lane-changing behaviour. The cases that the car accidents occupy the exterior or interior lane, the medium lane, and two lanes are studied by numerical simulations. The time-space diagrams and the current diagrams are presented, and the traffic jams are investigated. The results show that the car accident has a different effect on the traffic flow when it occupies different lanes. The car accidents have a more serious effect on the whole road when they occupy two lanes. The larger the density is, the greater the influence on the traffic flow becomes.
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