publication . Article . 2014

A new interpretation of the bee fossil Melitta willardi Cockerell (Hymenoptera, Melittidae) based on geometric morphometrics of the wing

Alexandre Dewulf; Thibaut De Meulemeester; Manuel Dehon; Michael Engel; Denis Michez;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Mar 2014 Journal: ZooKeys, issue 389, pages 35-48 (issn: 1313-2989, eissn: 1313-2970, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Pensoft Publishers
Abstract
Abstract Although bees are one of the major lineages of pollinators and are today quite diverse, few well-preserved fossils are available from which to establish the tempo of their diversification/extinction since the Early Cretaceous. Here we present a reassessment of the taxonomic affinities of Melitta willardi Cockerell 1909, preserved as a compression fossil from the Florissant shales of Colorado, USA. Based on geometric morphometric wing shape analyses M. willardi cannot be confidently assigned to the genus Melitta Kirby (Anthophila, Melittidae). Instead, the species exhibits phenotypic affinity with the subfamily Andreninae (Anthophila, Andrenidae), but do...
Subjects
free text keywords: Research Article, wing shape, Tertiary, QL1-991, Oligocene, compression, Zoology, geometric morphometrics, Bees
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Article . 2014
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Article . 2014
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Article . 2014
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40 references, page 1 of 3

Adams DC Rohlf FJ Slice DE (2004) Geometric morphometrics: ten years of progress following the ‘revolution’.Italian Journal of Zoology 71: 5-16. 10.1080/11250000409356545

Adams DC Otárola-Castillo E (2013) Geomorph: An R package for the collection and analysis of geometric morphometric shape data.Methods in Ecology and Evolution 4(4): 393-399. 10.1111/2041-210X.12035

Bookstein FL (1991) Morphometric tools for landmark data: Geometry and biology.Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 435

Cardinal S Danforth BN (2013) Bees diversified in the age of eudicots.Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 280(1755): 1-9 [OpenAIRE]

Cockerell TDA (1909) New North American bees.The Canadian Entomologist 41: 393-395. 10.4039/Ent41393-11 [OpenAIRE]

Cockerell TDA (1927) Zoology of Colorado.University Colorado, Denver, 262 pp.

Danforth BN Cardinal S Praz C Almeida EAB Michez D (2013) The impact of molecular data on our understanding of bee phylogeny and evolution.Annual Review of Entomology 58: 57-78. 10.1146/annurev-ento-120811-153633

De Meulemeester T Michez D Aytekin AM Danforth BN (2012) Taxonomic affinity of halictid bee fossils (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) based on geometric morphometrics analyses of wing shape.Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 10(4): 755-764. 10.1080/14772019.2011.628701

Dellicour S Lecocq T Kuhlmann M Mardulyn P Michez D (2014) Molecular phylogeny, biogeography, and host plant shifts in the bee genus Melitta (Hymenoptera: Anthophila).Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70: 412-419. 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.08.013 23994491 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Engel MS (2001a) A monograph of the B altic Amber bees and evolution of the Apoidea (Hymenoptera).Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 259: 1-192. 10.1206/0003-0090(2001)259<0001:AMOTBA>2.0.CO;2

Engel MS (2001b) The first large carpenter bee from the Tertiary of North America, with a consideration of the geological history of Xylocopinae (Hymenoptera: Apidae).Transactions of the American Entomological Society 127(2): 245-254

Engel MS (2002) Halictine bees from the Eocene-Oligocene boundary of Florissant, Colorado (Hymenoptera: Halictidae).Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 225(2): 251-273

Engel MS (2008) A new species of Ctenoplectrella in baltic amber (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 54(4): 319-324

Engel MS (2011) Systematic melittology: where to from here?Systematic Entomology 36: 2–15. 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2010.00544.x

Engel MS Michener CD (2013) A minute stingless bee in Eocene Fushan amber from northeastern China (Hymenoptera: Apidae).Journal of Melittology 14: 1-10

40 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
Abstract Although bees are one of the major lineages of pollinators and are today quite diverse, few well-preserved fossils are available from which to establish the tempo of their diversification/extinction since the Early Cretaceous. Here we present a reassessment of the taxonomic affinities of Melitta willardi Cockerell 1909, preserved as a compression fossil from the Florissant shales of Colorado, USA. Based on geometric morphometric wing shape analyses M. willardi cannot be confidently assigned to the genus Melitta Kirby (Anthophila, Melittidae). Instead, the species exhibits phenotypic affinity with the subfamily Andreninae (Anthophila, Andrenidae), but do...
Subjects
free text keywords: Research Article, wing shape, Tertiary, QL1-991, Oligocene, compression, Zoology, geometric morphometrics, Bees
Download fromView all 4 versions
ZooKeys
Article . 2014
Provider: Pensoft
ZooKeys
Article . 2014
ZENODO
Article . 2014
Provider: ZENODO
40 references, page 1 of 3

Adams DC Rohlf FJ Slice DE (2004) Geometric morphometrics: ten years of progress following the ‘revolution’.Italian Journal of Zoology 71: 5-16. 10.1080/11250000409356545

Adams DC Otárola-Castillo E (2013) Geomorph: An R package for the collection and analysis of geometric morphometric shape data.Methods in Ecology and Evolution 4(4): 393-399. 10.1111/2041-210X.12035

Bookstein FL (1991) Morphometric tools for landmark data: Geometry and biology.Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 435

Cardinal S Danforth BN (2013) Bees diversified in the age of eudicots.Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 280(1755): 1-9 [OpenAIRE]

Cockerell TDA (1909) New North American bees.The Canadian Entomologist 41: 393-395. 10.4039/Ent41393-11 [OpenAIRE]

Cockerell TDA (1927) Zoology of Colorado.University Colorado, Denver, 262 pp.

Danforth BN Cardinal S Praz C Almeida EAB Michez D (2013) The impact of molecular data on our understanding of bee phylogeny and evolution.Annual Review of Entomology 58: 57-78. 10.1146/annurev-ento-120811-153633

De Meulemeester T Michez D Aytekin AM Danforth BN (2012) Taxonomic affinity of halictid bee fossils (Hymenoptera: Anthophila) based on geometric morphometrics analyses of wing shape.Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 10(4): 755-764. 10.1080/14772019.2011.628701

Dellicour S Lecocq T Kuhlmann M Mardulyn P Michez D (2014) Molecular phylogeny, biogeography, and host plant shifts in the bee genus Melitta (Hymenoptera: Anthophila).Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70: 412-419. 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.08.013 23994491 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed]

Engel MS (2001a) A monograph of the B altic Amber bees and evolution of the Apoidea (Hymenoptera).Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 259: 1-192. 10.1206/0003-0090(2001)259<0001:AMOTBA>2.0.CO;2

Engel MS (2001b) The first large carpenter bee from the Tertiary of North America, with a consideration of the geological history of Xylocopinae (Hymenoptera: Apidae).Transactions of the American Entomological Society 127(2): 245-254

Engel MS (2002) Halictine bees from the Eocene-Oligocene boundary of Florissant, Colorado (Hymenoptera: Halictidae).Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 225(2): 251-273

Engel MS (2008) A new species of Ctenoplectrella in baltic amber (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae).Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 54(4): 319-324

Engel MS (2011) Systematic melittology: where to from here?Systematic Entomology 36: 2–15. 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2010.00544.x

Engel MS Michener CD (2013) A minute stingless bee in Eocene Fushan amber from northeastern China (Hymenoptera: Apidae).Journal of Melittology 14: 1-10

40 references, page 1 of 3
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publication . Article . 2014

A new interpretation of the bee fossil Melitta willardi Cockerell (Hymenoptera, Melittidae) based on geometric morphometrics of the wing

Alexandre Dewulf; Thibaut De Meulemeester; Manuel Dehon; Michael Engel; Denis Michez;