Characterization and Growth Mechanism of Nickel Nanowires Resulting from Reduction of Nickel Formate in Polyol Medium

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Logutenko, Olga A. ; Titkov, Alexander I. ; Vorob’yov, Alexander M. ; Yukhin, Yriy M. ; Lyakhov, Nikolay Z. (2016)
  • Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
  • Journal: Journal of Nanomaterials (issn: 1687-4110, eissn: 1687-4129)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1155/2016/9058686
  • Subject: Technology (General) | T1-995 | Article Subject
    mesheuropmc: inorganic chemicals | otorhinolaryngologic diseases

Nickel linear nanostructures were synthesized by reduction of nickel formate with hydrazine hydrate in ethylene glycol medium in the absence of any surfactants or capping agents for direction of the particles growth. The effect of the synthesis conditions such as temperature, reduction time, type of polyol, and nickel formate concentration on the reduction products was studied. The size and morphology of the nickel nanowires were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning, and transmission electron microscopy. It was shown that the nickel nanocrystallites were wire-shaped with a face-center-cubic phase. Ethylene glycol was found to play a crucial role in the formation of the nickel nanowires. The possible growth processes of the wire-shaped particles taking place at 110 and 130°C are discussed. It was shown that, under certain synthesis conditions, nickel nanowires grow on the surface of the crystals of the solid intermediate of nickel with hydrazine hydrate.
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