Approaches to data analysis of multiple-choice questions

Article English OPEN
Lin Ding ; Robert Beichner (2009)
  • Publisher: American Physical Society
  • Journal: Physical Review Special Topics. Physics Education Research (issn: 1554-9178)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.5.020103
  • Subject: Special aspects of education | LC8-6691

This paper introduces five commonly used approaches to analyzing multiple-choice test data. They are classical test theory, factor analysis, cluster analysis, item response theory, and model analysis. Brief descriptions of the goals and algorithms of these approaches are provided, together with examples illustrating their applications in physics education research. We minimize mathematics, instead placing emphasis on data interpretation using these approaches.
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