Emergency Evacuation of Hazardous Chemical Accidents Based on Diffusion Simulation

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Zhang, Jiang-Hua ; Liu, Hai-Yue ; Zhu, Rui ; Liu, Yang (2017)
  • Publisher: Hindawi
  • Journal: Complexity (issn: 1076-2787, eissn: 1099-0526)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1155/2017/4927649
  • Subject: Electronic computers. Computer science | QA75.5-76.95 | Article Subject

The recent rapid development of information technology, such as sensing technology, communications technology, and database, allows us to use simulation experiments for analyzing serious accidents caused by hazardous chemicals. Due to the toxicity and diffusion of hazardous chemicals, these accidents often lead to not only severe consequences and economic losses, but also traffic jams at the same time. Emergency evacuation after hazardous chemical accidents is an effective means to reduce the loss of life and property and to smoothly resume the transport network as soon as possible. This paper considers the dynamic changes of the hazardous chemicals’ concentration after their leakage and simulates the diffusion process. Based on the characteristics of emergency evacuation of hazardous chemical accidents, we build a mixed-integer programming model and design a heuristic algorithm using network optimization and diffusion simulation (hereafter NODS). We then verify the validity and feasibility of the algorithm using Jinan, China, as a computational example. In the end, we compare the results from different scenarios to explore the key factors affecting the effectiveness of the evacuation process.
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