Emotional words can be embodied or disembodied: the role of superficial vs. deep types of processing

Article English OPEN
Abbassi, Ensie ; Blanchette, Isabelle ; Ansaldo, Ana I. ; Ghassemzadeh, Habib ; Joanette, Yves (2015)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
  • Journal: Frontiers in Psychology, volume 6 (issn: 1664-1078, eissn: 1664-1078)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00975, pmc: PMC4496550
  • Subject: conceptual processing | meaning access | Psychology | emotional words | Review | disembodied/embodied | superficial/deep | cerebral hemispheres

Emotional words are processed rapidly and automatically in the left hemisphere (LH) and slowly, with the involvement of attention, in the right hemisphere (RH). This review aims to find the reason for this difference and suggests that emotional words can be processed superficially or deeply due to the involvement of the linguistic and imagery systems, respectively. During superficial processing, emotional words likely make connections only with semantically associated words in the LH. This part of the process is automatic and may be sufficient for the purpose of language processing. Deep processing, in contrast, seems to involve conceptual information and imagery of a word’s perceptual and emotional properties using autobiographical memory contents. Imagery and the involvement of autobiographical memory likely differentiate between emotional and neutral word processing and explain the salient role of the RH in emotional word processing. It is concluded that the level of emotional word processing in the RH should be deeper than in the LH and, thus, it is conceivable that the slow mode of processing adds certain qualities to the output.
  • References (105)
    105 references, page 1 of 11

    Abbassi E. Kahlaoui K. Wilsom M. A. Joanette Y. (2011). Processing the emotions in words: the complementary contributions of the left and right hemispheres. Cogn. Affect. Behav. Neurosci. 11 372–385. 10.3758/s13415-011-0034-1

    Bargh J. A. Chaiken S. Raymond P. Hymes C. (1996). The automatic evaluation effect: unconditional automatic attitude activation with a pronunciation task. J. Exp. Soc. Psychol. 32 104–128. 10.1006/jesp.1996.0005

    Barrett L. F. (2006). Solving the emotion paradox: categorization and the experience of emotion. Pers. Soc. Psychol. Rev. 10 20–46. 10.1207/s15327957pspr1001_2

    Barsalou L. W. (1999). Perceptual symbol systems. Behav. Brain Sci. 22 577–609, 610–560. 10.1017/s0140525x99002149

    Barsalou L. W. (2003a). Abstraction in perceptual symbol systems. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 358 1177–1187. 10.1098/rstb.2003.1319

    Barsalou L. W. (2003b). Situated simulation in the human conceptual system. Lang. Cogn. Process. 18 513–562. 10.1080/01690960344000026

    Barsalou L. W. (2008). Grounded cognition. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 59 617–645. 10.1146/annurev.psych.59.103006.093639

    Barsalou L. W. (2009). Simulation, situated conceptualization, and prediction. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 364 1281–1289. 10.1098/rstb.2008.0319

    Barsalou L. W. Hale C. R. (1993). “Components of conceptual representation: from feature lists to recursive frames,” in Categories and Concepts: Theoretical Views and Inductive Data Analysis, eds Van Mechelen I. Hampton J. Michalski R. Theuns P. (New York: Academic Press), 97–144.

    Barsalou L. W. Niedenthal P. M. Barbey A. Ruppert J. (2003). “Social embodiment,” in The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, ed. Ross B. (San Diego, CA: Academic Press), 43–92.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark