Decision-Making Tool for Cost-Efficient and Environmentally Friendly Wood Mobilisation
Other literature type, Article
- Publisher: Croatian Forest Research Institute
South-East European Forestry,
(issn: 1847-6481, eissn: 1849-0891)
wood process charts | SD1-669.5 | decision support model | decision support model; soil-machinery interaction; terrain conditions; wood process charts; forest operations | soil-machinery interaction | forest operations | terrain conditions | Forestry
Background and Purpose: With development of forest management technologies, the efficiency of wood production was significantly improved, and thus the impact on forests has changed as well. The article presents a practical decision-making tool for selection of most suitable harvesting system, considering given terrain as well as expected soil conditions on harvesting sites. The decision-making tool should support cost-efficient and environmentally friendly mobilisation of wood.
Materials and Methods: The presented decision-making tool is based on ground bearing capacities (relevant environmental parameter) and nominal ground pressure (harvesting system characteristics). Soil and terrain (slope) characteristics were taken into account for selection of the most suitable harvesting system. Three-step methodological approach was suggested, where soil and terrain conditions were defined in first step, while harvesting system were described using wood process charts (“functiogramms”) in second step. In final step ecological and technological requirements were matched.
Results: To exemplify the three-step methodology, a decision-making tool was prepared for the three selected harvesting systems. The proposed harvesting systems differ in technological, ecological and economic aspects, but each is limited by at least one of the aspect.
Conclusions: The decision-making tool in combination with the presented wood process charts (“functiogramms”) can simplify and facilitate forest production planning, although it can also be used in case of unforeseen event e.g. changing of soil moisture, machinery failure and insufficient current capacities. Considering the envisaged quantities and types of forest wooden assortments, it is possible to use the decision-making tool for a basic selection of most appropriate harvesting systems. The main idea behind the suggested three step methodological approach is that forest workers can prepare individual decision-making matrix (based on ecological and technological parameters such as technical or economical limitations of harvesting machines).