Sleep Deprivation and Advice Taking

Article OPEN
Hausser, J.A. ; Leder, J. ; Ketturat, C. ; Dresler, M. ; Faber, N.S. (2016)
  • Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
  • Journal: Scientific Reports, volume 6 (issn: 2045-2322, eissn: 2045-2322)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC4843001, doi: 10.1038/srep24386
  • Subject: Article
    mesheuropmc: education

Judgements and decisions in many political, economic or medical contexts are often made while sleep deprived. Furthermore, in such contexts individuals are required to integrate information provided by – more or less qualified – advisors. We asked if sleep deprivation affects advice taking. We conducted a 2 (sleep deprivation: yes vs. no) ×2 (competency of advisor: medium vs. high) experimental study to examine the effects of sleep deprivation on advice taking in an estimation task. We compared participants with one night of total sleep deprivation to participants with a night of regular sleep. Competency of advisor was manipulated within subjects. We found that sleep deprived participants show increased advice taking. An interaction of condition and competency of advisor and further post-hoc analyses revealed that this effect was more pronounced for the medium competency advisor compared to the high competency advisor. Furthermore, sleep deprived participants benefited more from an advisor of high competency in terms of stronger improvement in judgmental accuracy than well-rested participants.
  • References (38)
    38 references, page 1 of 4

    1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Insuficient sleep is a public health problem. (2015) Available at: features/dssleep/ date of access: 05/09/2015.

    2. Faber, N. S., Häusser, J. A. & Kerr, N. L. Sleep deprivation impairs and cafeine enhances my performance, but not always our performance: How acting in a group can change the eefcts of impairments and enhancements. Pers Soc Psychol Rev Advance online publication doi: 10.1177/1088868315609487 (2015).

    3. Lim, J. & Dinges, D. F. A meta-analysis of the impact of short-term sleep deprivation on cognitive variables. Psychol Bull 136(3), 375-389, doi: 10.1037/a0018883 (2010).

    4. Harrison, Y. & Horne, J. A. The impact of sleep deprivation on decision making: A review. J Exp Psychol: Appl. 6(3), 236-249, doi: 10.1037//1076-898X.6.3.236 (2000).

    5. Baranski, J. V. at al. Eefcts of Sleep Loss on Team Decision Making: Motivational Loss or Motivational Gain? Hum Factors 49(4), 646-660, doi: 10.1518/001872007X215728 (2007).

    6. Horne, J. Overnight sleep loss and executive decision making-subtle findings. Sleep 36(6), 823-824, doi: 10.5665/sleep.2700 (2013).

    7. Baranski, J. V. Fatigue, sleep loss, and condfience in judgment. J Exp Psychol: Appl. 13(4), 182-196, doi: 10.1037/1076-898X.13.4.182 (2007).

    8. Dorrian, J., Lamond, N. & Dawson, D. The ability to self-monitor performance when fatigued. J Sleep Res 9(2), 137-144, doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2869.2000.00195.x (2000).

    9. Gino, F., Brooks, A. W. & Schweitzer, M. E. Anxiety, advice, and the ability to discern: Feeling anxious motivates individuals to seek and use advice. J Pers Soc Psychol. 102(3), 497-512, doi: 10.1037/a0026413 (2012).

    10. Welsh, D. T., Ellis, A., Christian, M. S. & Mai, K. M. Building a Self-Regulatory Model of Sleep Deprivation and Deception: eTh Role of Caefine and Social Inuflence. J Appl Psychol . 99(6) 1268-1277, doi: 10.1037/a0036202 (2014).

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark