publication . Article . Other literature type . 2019

Altered fluvial patterns in North China indicate rapid climate change linked to the Permian-Triassic mass extinction.

Zhicai Zhu; Benton, Michael J.; Yongqing Liu;
Open Access English
  • Published: 14 Nov 2019 Journal: Scientific Reports (issn: 2045-2322, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
<p>The causes of the severest crisis in the history of life around the Permian-Triassic boundary (PTB) remain controversial. Here we report that the latest Permian alluvial plains in Shanxi, North China, went through a rapid transition from meandering rivers to braided rivers and aeolian systems. Soil carbonate carbon isotope (δ<sup>13</sup>C), oxygen isotope (δ<sup>18</sup>O), and geochemical signatures of weathering intensity reveal a consistent pattern of deteriorating environments (cool, arid, and anoxic conditions) and climate fluctuations across the PTB. The synchronous ecological collapse is confirmed by a dramatic reduction or disappearance of dominant p...
Subjects
free text keywords: environmental impact, palaeoclimate, palaeontology, sedimentology, stratigraphy, /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/pubmedpublicationtype/D016428, Journal Article, /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/pubmedpublicationtype/D013485, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Medicine, R, Science, Q, Article, Multidisciplinary
Related Organizations
Funded by
RCUK| Ecosystem resilience and recovery from the Permo-Triassic crisis
Project
  • Funder: Research Council UK (RCUK)
  • Project Code: NE/P013724/1
  • Funding stream: NERC
Communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
107 references, page 1 of 8

Raup, DM. Size of the Permo-Triassic bottleneck and its evolutionary implications. Science. 1979; 206: 217-218 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bond, DPG, Grasby, SE. On the causes of mass extinctions. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol.. 2017; 478: 3-29 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Wignall, PB, Twitchett, RJ. Oceanic anoxia and the End Permian mass extinction. Science. 1996; 272: 1155-1158 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Benton, MJ, Twitchett, RJ. How to kill (almost) all life: The end-Permian extinction event. Trends Ecol. Evol.. 2003; 18: 358-365 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Algeo, TJ, Chen, ZQ, Fraiser, ML, Twitchett, RJ. Terrestrial-marine teleconnections in the collapse and rebuilding of Early Triassic marine ecosystems. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol.. 2011; 308: 1-11 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Burgess, SD, Muirhead, JD, Bowring, SA. Initial pulse of Siberian Traps sills as the trigger of the end-Permian mass extinction. Nat. Commun.. 2017; 8: 164 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Shen, J. Negative C-isotope excursions at the Permian-Triassic boundary linked to volcanism. Geology. 2012; 40: 963-966 [DOI]

Knoll, AH. Paleophysiology and end-Permian mass extinction. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.. 2007; 256: 295-313 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Song, HJ. Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath. Sci. Rep.. 2014; 4: 4132 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Benton, MJ, Newell, AJ. Impacts of global warming on Permo-Triassic terrestrial ecosystems. Gondwana Res.. 2014; 25: 1308-1337 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Benton, MJ. Hyperthermal-driven mass extinctions: killing models during the Permian-Triassic mass extinction. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A.. 2018; 376: 20170076 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Shen, J. Evidence for a prolonged Permian–Triassic extinction interval from global marine mercury records. Nat. Commun.. 2019; 10: 1563 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Newell, AJ, Tverdokhlebov, VP, Benton, MJ. Interplay of tectonics and climate on a transverse fluvial system, Upper Permian, southern Uralian foreland basin, Russia. Sediment. Geol.. 1999; 127: 11-29 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Taylor, GK. Magnetostratigraphy of Permian/Triassic boundary sequences in the Cis-Urals, Russia: No evidence for a major temporal hiatus. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.. 2009: 36-47

Retallack, GJ, Veevers, JJ, Morante, R. Global coal gap between Permian-Triassic extinction and Middle Triassic recovery of peat-forming plants. Bull. Geol. Soc. Am.. 1996; 108: 195-207 [DOI]

107 references, page 1 of 8
Abstract
<p>The causes of the severest crisis in the history of life around the Permian-Triassic boundary (PTB) remain controversial. Here we report that the latest Permian alluvial plains in Shanxi, North China, went through a rapid transition from meandering rivers to braided rivers and aeolian systems. Soil carbonate carbon isotope (δ<sup>13</sup>C), oxygen isotope (δ<sup>18</sup>O), and geochemical signatures of weathering intensity reveal a consistent pattern of deteriorating environments (cool, arid, and anoxic conditions) and climate fluctuations across the PTB. The synchronous ecological collapse is confirmed by a dramatic reduction or disappearance of dominant p...
Subjects
free text keywords: environmental impact, palaeoclimate, palaeontology, sedimentology, stratigraphy, /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/pubmedpublicationtype/D016428, Journal Article, /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/pubmedpublicationtype/D013485, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Medicine, R, Science, Q, Article, Multidisciplinary
Related Organizations
Funded by
RCUK| Ecosystem resilience and recovery from the Permo-Triassic crisis
Project
  • Funder: Research Council UK (RCUK)
  • Project Code: NE/P013724/1
  • Funding stream: NERC
Communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
107 references, page 1 of 8

Raup, DM. Size of the Permo-Triassic bottleneck and its evolutionary implications. Science. 1979; 206: 217-218 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Bond, DPG, Grasby, SE. On the causes of mass extinctions. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol.. 2017; 478: 3-29 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Wignall, PB, Twitchett, RJ. Oceanic anoxia and the End Permian mass extinction. Science. 1996; 272: 1155-1158 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Benton, MJ, Twitchett, RJ. How to kill (almost) all life: The end-Permian extinction event. Trends Ecol. Evol.. 2003; 18: 358-365 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Algeo, TJ, Chen, ZQ, Fraiser, ML, Twitchett, RJ. Terrestrial-marine teleconnections in the collapse and rebuilding of Early Triassic marine ecosystems. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol.. 2011; 308: 1-11 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Burgess, SD, Muirhead, JD, Bowring, SA. Initial pulse of Siberian Traps sills as the trigger of the end-Permian mass extinction. Nat. Commun.. 2017; 8: 164 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Shen, J. Negative C-isotope excursions at the Permian-Triassic boundary linked to volcanism. Geology. 2012; 40: 963-966 [DOI]

Knoll, AH. Paleophysiology and end-Permian mass extinction. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.. 2007; 256: 295-313 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Song, HJ. Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath. Sci. Rep.. 2014; 4: 4132 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Benton, MJ, Newell, AJ. Impacts of global warming on Permo-Triassic terrestrial ecosystems. Gondwana Res.. 2014; 25: 1308-1337 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Benton, MJ. Hyperthermal-driven mass extinctions: killing models during the Permian-Triassic mass extinction. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A.. 2018; 376: 20170076 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Shen, J. Evidence for a prolonged Permian–Triassic extinction interval from global marine mercury records. Nat. Commun.. 2019; 10: 1563 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Newell, AJ, Tverdokhlebov, VP, Benton, MJ. Interplay of tectonics and climate on a transverse fluvial system, Upper Permian, southern Uralian foreland basin, Russia. Sediment. Geol.. 1999; 127: 11-29 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Taylor, GK. Magnetostratigraphy of Permian/Triassic boundary sequences in the Cis-Urals, Russia: No evidence for a major temporal hiatus. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.. 2009: 36-47

Retallack, GJ, Veevers, JJ, Morante, R. Global coal gap between Permian-Triassic extinction and Middle Triassic recovery of peat-forming plants. Bull. Geol. Soc. Am.. 1996; 108: 195-207 [DOI]

107 references, page 1 of 8
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