A Urea Biosensor from Stacked Sol-Gel Films with Immobilized Nile Blue Chromoionophore and Urease Enzyme

Article, Other literature type English OPEN
Alqasaimeh, Muawia Salameh ; Heng, Lee Yook ; Ahmad, Musa (2007)
  • Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
  • Journal: Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), volume 7, issue 10, pages 2,151-2,262 (issn: 1424-8220, eissn: 1424-8220)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3390/s7102251, pmc: PMC3864520
  • Subject: TP1-1185 | non-leaching | stacked sol-gel films | stacked sol-gel films. | Urea optode | pH optode | Chemical technology | clinical analysis | Article
    mesheuropmc: macromolecular substances | technology, industry, and agriculture

An optical urea biosensor was fabricated by stacking several layers of sol-gel films. The stacking of the sol-gel films allowed the immobilization of a Nile Blue chromoionophore (ETH 5294) and urease enzyme separately without the need of any chemical attachment procedure. The absorbance response of the biosensor was monitored at 550 nm, i.e. the deprotonation of the chromoionophore. This multi-layer sol-gel film format enabled higher enzyme loading in the biosensor to be achieved. The urea optical biosensor constructed from three layers of sol-gel films that contained urease demonstrated a much wider linear response range of up to 100 mM urea when compared with biosensors that constructed from 1-2 layers of films. Analysis of urea in urine samples with this optical urea biosensor yielded results similar to that determined by a spectrophotometric method using the reagent p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde (R2 = 0.982, n = 6). The average recovery of urea from urine samples using this urea biosensor is approximately 103%.
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