Self-reported adverse reactions among patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in Brazil

Article English OPEN
Cristiane A. Menezes de Pádua ; Cibele C. César ; Palmira F. Bonolo ; Francisco A. Acurcio ; Mark Drew C. Guimarães
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Journal: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases (issn: 1678-4391)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1590/S1413-86702007000100007
  • Subject: RC109-216 | HIV | self-report | antiretroviral therapy | adverse reactions | Infectious and parasitic diseases

A cross-sectional analysis was carried out to describe adverse reactions to antiretroviral therapy (ART) reported by HIV-infected patients initiating treatment at two public health AIDS referral centers in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 2001-2003 and to verify their association with selected variables. Adverse reactions were obtained through interview at the first follow-up visit (first month) after the antiretroviral prescription. Socio-demographic and behavioral variables related to ART were obtained from baseline and follow-up interviews and clinical variables from medical charts. Patients with four or more reactions were compared to those with less than four. Odds ratio with 95% confidence interval were estimated using logistic regression model for both univariate and multivariate analyses. At least one adverse reaction was reported by 92.2% of the participants while 56.2% reported four or more different reactions. Antiretroviral regimens including indinavir/ritonavir, irregular use of antiretrovirals and switch in regimens were independently associated with four or more adverse reactions (OR=7.92, 5.73 and 2.03, respectively). The initial period of ARV treatment is crucial and patients´ perception of adverse reactions should be carefully taken into account. Strategies for monitoring and management of adverse reactions including the choice of regimens and the prevention of irregular ART should be developed in AIDS/HIV referral centers in Brazil to promote better adherence to antiretroviral therapy.