Big data in pharmacy practice: current use, challenges, and the future

Article, Review English OPEN
Ma, Carolyn ; Wong Smith,Helen ; Chu,Cherie ; Taira Juarez,Deborah (2015)
  • Publisher: Dove Press
  • Journal: Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice, volume 4, pages 91-99 (issn: 2230-5254, eissn: 2230-5254)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC5741030, doi: 10.2147/IPRP.S55862
  • Subject: Review | clinical pharmacy data base | Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice | patient outcomes | Big Data | pharmacy informatics | Pharmacy and materia medica | RS1-441

Carolyn Ma, Helen Wong Smith, Cherie Chu, Deborah T JuarezDepartment of Pharmacy Practice, The Daniel K Inouye College of Pharmacy, University of Hawai'i at Hilo, Hilo, HI, USAAbstract: Pharmacy informatics is defined as the use and integration of data, information, knowledge, technology, and automation in the medication-use process for the purpose of improving health outcomes. The term “big data” has been coined and is often defined in three V's: volume, velocity, and variety. This paper describes three major areas in which pharmacy utilizes big data, including: 1) informed decision making (clinical pathways and clinical practice guidelines); 2) improved care delivery in health care settings such as hospitals and community pharmacy practice settings; and 3) quality performance measurement for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid and medication management activities such as tracking medication adherence and medication reconciliation.Keywords: clinical pharmacy data base, pharmacy informatics, patient outcomes
  • References (54)
    54 references, page 1 of 6

    1. National Library of Medicine. Collection development manual: medical informatics. Available from: cdm/CDMBook.pdf. Accessed on June 5, 2015.

    2. Proceedings of the Pharmacy Practice Model Summit: An invitational consensus conference conducted by ASHP and the ASHP Research and Education Foundation, November 7-9, 2010, Dallas, Texas. Available from PPMI-Summit-Proceedings.aspx

    3. Erickson AK, editor, Pharmacy Today. Pharmacy: Harnessing the power of big data. American Pharmacists Association. http://www.pharmacist. com/pharmacy. Accessed March 20, 2015.

    4. Groves P, Kayyali B, Knott D, Van Kuiken S. The “big data” revolution in healthcare: accelerating value and innovation. New York, NY: Center for US Health System Reform, Business Technology Ofcfie, McKinsey and Company; 2013.

    5. Kirk JK, Michael KA, Markowsky SJ, Restino MR, Zarowitz BJ. Critical pathways: the time is here for pharmacist involvement. American College of Clinical Pharmacy. Pharmacotherapy. 1996;16(4): 723-733.

    6. Dobesh PP, Bosso J, Wortman S, et al. Critical pathways: the role of phar macy today and tomor row. Pharmacotherapy. 2006;26(9):1358-1368.

    7. McCaffrey S, Nightingale CH. How to develop critical paths and prepare for other formulary management changes. Hosp Formul. 1994;29:628-635.

    8. Bereznicki BJ, Peterson G, Jackson S, et al. Uptake and effectiveness of a community pharmacy intervention programme to improve asthma management. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2013;38(3):212-218.

    9. Evans RS, Larsen RA, Burke JP, et al. Computer surveillance of hospital-acquired infections and antibiotic use. JAMA. 1986; 256(8):1007-1011.

    10. The Cochrane Library, 2995-2015. Chichester: Wiley. http://www. Accessed April 1, 2015.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark