publication . Article . 2017

The Use of Gene Modification and Advanced Molecular Structure Analyses towards Improving Alfalfa Forage

Yaogeng Lei; Abdelali Hannoufa; Peiqiang Yu;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2017 Journal: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, volume 18, issue 2 (issn: 1422-0067, eissn: 1422-0067, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: MDPI
Abstract
Abstract: Alfalfa is one of the most important legume forage crops in the world. In spite of its agronomic and nutritive advantages, alfalfa has some limitations in the usage of pasture forage and hay supplement. High rapid degradation of protein in alfalfa poses a risk of rumen bloat to ruminants which could cause huge economic losses for farmers. Coupled with the relatively high lignin content, which impedes the degradation of carbohydrate in rumen, alfalfa has unbalanced and asynchronous degradation ratio of nitrogen to carbohydrate (N/CHO) in rumen. Genetic engineering approaches have been used to manipulate the expression of genes involved in important meta...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: food and beveragesbiochemical phenomena, metabolism, and nutritionfungi
free text keywords: Chemistry, proanthocyanidin and anthocyanins, transcription factors, QD1-999, lignin, QH301-705.5, molecular structure, alfalfa, Review, genetic modification, Biology (General)
Funded by
NSERC
Project
  • Funder: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
105 references, page 1 of 7

Radović, J., Sokolović, D., Marković, J.. Alfalfa-most important perennial forage legume in animal husbandry. Biotechnol. Anim. Husb.. 2009; 25: 465-475 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Wang, Z., Ke, Q., Kim, M.D., Kim, S.H., Ji, C.Y., Jeong, J.C., Lee, H.S., Park, W.S., Ahn, M.J., Li, H.. Transgenic alfalfa plants expressing the sweetpotato orange gene exhibit enhanced abiotic stress tolerance. PLoS ONE. 2015; 10 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Tesfaye, M., Silverstein, K.A.T., Bucciarelli, B., Samac, D.A., Vance, C.P.. The Affymetrix Medicago GeneChip® array is applicable for transcript analysis of alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Funct. Plant Biol.. 2006; 33: 783-788 [DOI]

CANSIM-004-0213—Census of Agriculture, Hay and Field Crops.

Cash, D., Hu, Y.. Global status and development trends of alfalfa. Alfalfa Management Guide for Ningxia. 2009: 1-14

Mahanna, B.. Advancement in Developing Reduced-Lignin Alfalfa Made.

Jonker, A., Gruber, M.Y., McCaslin, M., Wang, Y., Coulman, B., McKinnon, J.J., Christensen, D.A., Yu, P.. Nutrient composition and degradation profiles of anthocyanidin-accumulating Lc-alfalfa populations. Can. J. Anim. Sci.. 2010; 90: 401-412 [DOI]

Wang, Y., Majak, W., McAllister, T.A.. Frothy bloat in ruminants: Cause, occurrence, and mitigation strategies. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol.. 2012; 172: 103-114 [DOI]

Foo, L.Y., Lu, Y., McNabb, W.C., Waghorn, G., Ulyatt, M.J.. Proanthocyanidins from Lotus pedunculatus. Phytochemistry. 1997; 45: 1689-1696 [DOI]

Wang, Y., McAllister, T.A., Acharya, S.. Condensed tannins in sainfoin: Composition, concentration, and effects on nutritive and feeding value of sainfoin forage. Crop Sci.. 2015; 55: 13-22 [DOI]

Xie, D.Y., Sharma, S.B., Wright, E., Wang, Z.Y., Dixon, R.A.. Metabolic engineering of proanthocyanidins through co-expression of anthocyanidin reductase and the PAP1 MYB transcription factor. Plant J.. 2006; 45: 895-907 [PubMed] [DOI]

Aerts, R.J., Barry, T.N., McNabb, W.C.. Polyphenols and agriculture: Beneficial effects of proanthocyanidins in forages. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ.. 1999; 75: 1-12 [DOI]

Jonker, A.. Characterization of Anthocyanidin-Accumulating Lc-alfalfa for Ruminants: Nutritional Profiles, Digestibility, Availability and Molecular Structures, and Bloat Characteristics. Ph.D. Thesis. 2011

Goplen, B., Howarth, R., Sarkar, S., Lesins, K.. A Search for condensed tannins in annual and perennial species of Medicago, Trigonella, and Onobrychis. Crop Sci.. 1980; 20: 801-804 [DOI]

Li, X., Zhang, Y., Hannoufa, A., Yu, P.. Transformation with TT8 and HB12 RNAi constructs in model forage (Medicago sativa, Alfalfa) affects carbohydrate structure and metabolic characteristics in Ruminant Livestock Systems. J. Agric. Food Chem.. 2015; 63: 9590-9600 [PubMed] [DOI]

105 references, page 1 of 7
Abstract
Abstract: Alfalfa is one of the most important legume forage crops in the world. In spite of its agronomic and nutritive advantages, alfalfa has some limitations in the usage of pasture forage and hay supplement. High rapid degradation of protein in alfalfa poses a risk of rumen bloat to ruminants which could cause huge economic losses for farmers. Coupled with the relatively high lignin content, which impedes the degradation of carbohydrate in rumen, alfalfa has unbalanced and asynchronous degradation ratio of nitrogen to carbohydrate (N/CHO) in rumen. Genetic engineering approaches have been used to manipulate the expression of genes involved in important meta...
Subjects
mesheuropmc: food and beveragesbiochemical phenomena, metabolism, and nutritionfungi
free text keywords: Chemistry, proanthocyanidin and anthocyanins, transcription factors, QD1-999, lignin, QH301-705.5, molecular structure, alfalfa, Review, genetic modification, Biology (General)
Funded by
NSERC
Project
  • Funder: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
105 references, page 1 of 7

Radović, J., Sokolović, D., Marković, J.. Alfalfa-most important perennial forage legume in animal husbandry. Biotechnol. Anim. Husb.. 2009; 25: 465-475 [OpenAIRE] [DOI]

Wang, Z., Ke, Q., Kim, M.D., Kim, S.H., Ji, C.Y., Jeong, J.C., Lee, H.S., Park, W.S., Ahn, M.J., Li, H.. Transgenic alfalfa plants expressing the sweetpotato orange gene exhibit enhanced abiotic stress tolerance. PLoS ONE. 2015; 10 [OpenAIRE] [PubMed] [DOI]

Tesfaye, M., Silverstein, K.A.T., Bucciarelli, B., Samac, D.A., Vance, C.P.. The Affymetrix Medicago GeneChip® array is applicable for transcript analysis of alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Funct. Plant Biol.. 2006; 33: 783-788 [DOI]

CANSIM-004-0213—Census of Agriculture, Hay and Field Crops.

Cash, D., Hu, Y.. Global status and development trends of alfalfa. Alfalfa Management Guide for Ningxia. 2009: 1-14

Mahanna, B.. Advancement in Developing Reduced-Lignin Alfalfa Made.

Jonker, A., Gruber, M.Y., McCaslin, M., Wang, Y., Coulman, B., McKinnon, J.J., Christensen, D.A., Yu, P.. Nutrient composition and degradation profiles of anthocyanidin-accumulating Lc-alfalfa populations. Can. J. Anim. Sci.. 2010; 90: 401-412 [DOI]

Wang, Y., Majak, W., McAllister, T.A.. Frothy bloat in ruminants: Cause, occurrence, and mitigation strategies. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol.. 2012; 172: 103-114 [DOI]

Foo, L.Y., Lu, Y., McNabb, W.C., Waghorn, G., Ulyatt, M.J.. Proanthocyanidins from Lotus pedunculatus. Phytochemistry. 1997; 45: 1689-1696 [DOI]

Wang, Y., McAllister, T.A., Acharya, S.. Condensed tannins in sainfoin: Composition, concentration, and effects on nutritive and feeding value of sainfoin forage. Crop Sci.. 2015; 55: 13-22 [DOI]

Xie, D.Y., Sharma, S.B., Wright, E., Wang, Z.Y., Dixon, R.A.. Metabolic engineering of proanthocyanidins through co-expression of anthocyanidin reductase and the PAP1 MYB transcription factor. Plant J.. 2006; 45: 895-907 [PubMed] [DOI]

Aerts, R.J., Barry, T.N., McNabb, W.C.. Polyphenols and agriculture: Beneficial effects of proanthocyanidins in forages. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ.. 1999; 75: 1-12 [DOI]

Jonker, A.. Characterization of Anthocyanidin-Accumulating Lc-alfalfa for Ruminants: Nutritional Profiles, Digestibility, Availability and Molecular Structures, and Bloat Characteristics. Ph.D. Thesis. 2011

Goplen, B., Howarth, R., Sarkar, S., Lesins, K.. A Search for condensed tannins in annual and perennial species of Medicago, Trigonella, and Onobrychis. Crop Sci.. 1980; 20: 801-804 [DOI]

Li, X., Zhang, Y., Hannoufa, A., Yu, P.. Transformation with TT8 and HB12 RNAi constructs in model forage (Medicago sativa, Alfalfa) affects carbohydrate structure and metabolic characteristics in Ruminant Livestock Systems. J. Agric. Food Chem.. 2015; 63: 9590-9600 [PubMed] [DOI]

105 references, page 1 of 7
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publication . Article . 2017

The Use of Gene Modification and Advanced Molecular Structure Analyses towards Improving Alfalfa Forage

Yaogeng Lei; Abdelali Hannoufa; Peiqiang Yu;