publication . Article . Conference object . Other literature type . 2018

Perceived age discrimination across age in Europe: From an ageing society to a society for all ages.

Christopher Bratt; Hannah J. Swift; Sibila Marques; Dominic Abrams; Christine-Melanie Vauclair;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2018 Journal: Developmental Psychology, volume 54, issue 1, pages 167-180 (issn: 0012-1649, eissn: 1939-0599, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: American Psychological Association
Abstract
WOS:000418998600013 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science) Ageism is recognized as a significant obstacle to older people's well-being, but age discrimination against younger people has attracted less attention. We investigate levels of perceived age discrimination across early to late adulthood, using data from the European Social Survey (ESS), collected in 29 countries (N = 56,272). We test for approximate measurement invariance across countries. We use local structural equation modeling as well as moderated nonlinear factor analysis to test for measurement invariance across age as a continuous variable. Using models that account for the moderate degree of noninvarianc...
Subjects
free text keywords: Adulthood and Aging, perceived discrimination, ageism, measurement invariance, European Social Survey, BF, Comparative education, Psychology, Age discrimination, Structural equation modeling, PsycINFO, Young adult, Demography, Gerontology, Ageing society
Funded by
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
,
EC| MOPACT
Project
MOPACT
MOBILISING THE POTENTIAL OF ACTIVE AGEING IN EUROPE
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 320333
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP1 | SSH
,
RCUK| Psychological and Societal Bases of Attitudes to Age: A Multilevel Cross-National Analysis
Project
  • Funder: Research Council UK (RCUK)
  • Project Code: ES/I036613/1
  • Funding stream: ESRC
32 references, page 1 of 3

AgeUK. (2011). Grey Matters Ð A Survey of Ageism across Europe: EU Briefing and Policy Recommendations London: AgeUK. http://www.ageuk.org.uk/Documents/EN-GB/Forprofessionals/ageism_across_europe_report.pdf?dtrk=true

Agnew, R. (2003). An integrated theory of the adolescent peak in offending. Youth & Society, 34(3), 263-299. doi: 10.1177/0044118X02250094

Asparouhov, T. (2005). Sampling weights in latent variable modeling. Structural Equation Modeling, 12(3), 411-434. doi: 10.1207/s15328007sem1203_4 [OpenAIRE]

Asparouhov, T., & MuthŽn, B. (2014). Multiple-group factor analysis alignment. Structural Equation Modeling, 21(4), 495-508. doi: 10.1080/10705511.2014.919210 [OpenAIRE]

Bai, X., Lai, D. W. L., & Guo, A. (2016). Ageism and depression: Perceptions of older people as a burden in China. Journal of Social Issues, 72(1), 26-46. doi: 10.1111/josi.12154

Bauer, D. (2016). A more general model for testing measurement invariance and differential item functioning. Psychological Methods, Advance Online Publication. doi: 10.1037/met0000077

Bodner, E. (2009). On the origins of ageism among older and younger adults. International Psychogeriatrics, 21(06), 1003-1014. doi: 10.1017/S104161020999055X [OpenAIRE]

Boffey, D. (2011, 30 October 2011). UK among Europe's worst countries for ageism. The Observer.

Butler, R. N. (1969). Age-ism: Another form of bigotry. Gerontologist, 9(4 Part 1), 243-246. doi: 10.1093/geront/9.4_Part_1.243

Butler, R. N. (2005). Ageism: Looking back over my shoulder. Generations, 3(Fall 2005), 84-86.

Byrne, B. M., Shavelson, R. J., & MuthŽn, B. (1989). Testing for the equivalence of factor covariance and mean structures: The issue of partial measurement invariance. Psychological Bulletin, 105(3), 456. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.105.3.456 [OpenAIRE]

Cary, L. A., Chasteen, A. L., & Remedios, J. (2017). The ambivalent ageism scale: Developing and validating a scale to measure benevolent and hostile ageism. The Gerontologist, 57(2), e27-e36. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnw118

Chonody, J. M. (2015). Positive and negative ageism: The role of benevolent and hostile sexism. Affilia, 31(2), 1-12. doi: 10.1177/0886109915595839 [OpenAIRE]

Coleman, J. S. (1982). The Asymmetric Society. New York: Syracuse University Press.

Crandall, C. S., Eshleman, A., & O'brien, L. (2002). Social norms and the expression and suppression of prejudice: the struggle for internalization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(3), 359-378. [OpenAIRE]

32 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
WOS:000418998600013 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science) Ageism is recognized as a significant obstacle to older people's well-being, but age discrimination against younger people has attracted less attention. We investigate levels of perceived age discrimination across early to late adulthood, using data from the European Social Survey (ESS), collected in 29 countries (N = 56,272). We test for approximate measurement invariance across countries. We use local structural equation modeling as well as moderated nonlinear factor analysis to test for measurement invariance across age as a continuous variable. Using models that account for the moderate degree of noninvarianc...
Subjects
free text keywords: Adulthood and Aging, perceived discrimination, ageism, measurement invariance, European Social Survey, BF, Comparative education, Psychology, Age discrimination, Structural equation modeling, PsycINFO, Young adult, Demography, Gerontology, Ageing society
Funded by
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
,
EC| MOPACT
Project
MOPACT
MOBILISING THE POTENTIAL OF ACTIVE AGEING IN EUROPE
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 320333
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP1 | SSH
,
RCUK| Psychological and Societal Bases of Attitudes to Age: A Multilevel Cross-National Analysis
Project
  • Funder: Research Council UK (RCUK)
  • Project Code: ES/I036613/1
  • Funding stream: ESRC
32 references, page 1 of 3

AgeUK. (2011). Grey Matters Ð A Survey of Ageism across Europe: EU Briefing and Policy Recommendations London: AgeUK. http://www.ageuk.org.uk/Documents/EN-GB/Forprofessionals/ageism_across_europe_report.pdf?dtrk=true

Agnew, R. (2003). An integrated theory of the adolescent peak in offending. Youth & Society, 34(3), 263-299. doi: 10.1177/0044118X02250094

Asparouhov, T. (2005). Sampling weights in latent variable modeling. Structural Equation Modeling, 12(3), 411-434. doi: 10.1207/s15328007sem1203_4 [OpenAIRE]

Asparouhov, T., & MuthŽn, B. (2014). Multiple-group factor analysis alignment. Structural Equation Modeling, 21(4), 495-508. doi: 10.1080/10705511.2014.919210 [OpenAIRE]

Bai, X., Lai, D. W. L., & Guo, A. (2016). Ageism and depression: Perceptions of older people as a burden in China. Journal of Social Issues, 72(1), 26-46. doi: 10.1111/josi.12154

Bauer, D. (2016). A more general model for testing measurement invariance and differential item functioning. Psychological Methods, Advance Online Publication. doi: 10.1037/met0000077

Bodner, E. (2009). On the origins of ageism among older and younger adults. International Psychogeriatrics, 21(06), 1003-1014. doi: 10.1017/S104161020999055X [OpenAIRE]

Boffey, D. (2011, 30 October 2011). UK among Europe's worst countries for ageism. The Observer.

Butler, R. N. (1969). Age-ism: Another form of bigotry. Gerontologist, 9(4 Part 1), 243-246. doi: 10.1093/geront/9.4_Part_1.243

Butler, R. N. (2005). Ageism: Looking back over my shoulder. Generations, 3(Fall 2005), 84-86.

Byrne, B. M., Shavelson, R. J., & MuthŽn, B. (1989). Testing for the equivalence of factor covariance and mean structures: The issue of partial measurement invariance. Psychological Bulletin, 105(3), 456. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.105.3.456 [OpenAIRE]

Cary, L. A., Chasteen, A. L., & Remedios, J. (2017). The ambivalent ageism scale: Developing and validating a scale to measure benevolent and hostile ageism. The Gerontologist, 57(2), e27-e36. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnw118

Chonody, J. M. (2015). Positive and negative ageism: The role of benevolent and hostile sexism. Affilia, 31(2), 1-12. doi: 10.1177/0886109915595839 [OpenAIRE]

Coleman, J. S. (1982). The Asymmetric Society. New York: Syracuse University Press.

Crandall, C. S., Eshleman, A., & O'brien, L. (2002). Social norms and the expression and suppression of prejudice: the struggle for internalization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(3), 359-378. [OpenAIRE]

32 references, page 1 of 3
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