Use of alcohol and surrogates by residents of a typical Belarus city

Article, Other literature type English OPEN
Razvodovsky, Yury E. (2014)
  • Publisher: Department of Psychiatry University Hospital Center Sestre milosrdnice
  • Journal: Alcoholism and psychiatry research : Journal on psychiatric research and addictions, volume 50, issue 1 (issn: 1849-8582, eissn: 1849-1251)
  • Subject: alcohol; surrogates; prevalence; drinking pattern; urban population; Belarus

alcohol, surrogates, prevalence, drinking pattern, urban population. Belarus. Presented in this paper are the results of a survey conducted in 2012 in Grodno city (Belarus), the purpose of which was to study the prevalence and pattern of alcohol and surrogates consumption among the urban population. Using a structured interview, including questions regarding the prevalence of the use of alcohol and surrogates, as well as the motives of its use, 655 residents (329 men and 326 women) were surveyed in Grodno. According to the results of the survey the most popular unlicensed alcoholic beverages arc homemade wine and samogon, which is consumed periodically by 31.7% of men and 9.9% of women. The conviction that the quality of samogon exceeds that of licensed vodka is the main motive for the use of samogon. In addition, 5.0% of men and 1.9% of women periodically consume alcohol surrogates, the most popular of these being industrial alcohol and alcohol-containing medicinal preparations. The data presented suggests the existence of an underground market of noncommercial alcohol in Belarus. The results from this study emphasize the urgency of implementing comprehensive alcohol policy, which need to address overall consumption, harmful drinking pattern and taking into account the consumption of alcohol from illicit sources.
  • References (21)
    21 references, page 1 of 3

    1. Anderson P, Baumberg B. Alcohol in Europe. London: Institute of Alcohol Studies. 2006.

    2. Babor TF, Caetano R, Casswell S, Edwards G, Giesbrecht N, Graham K. et al. Alcohol: No Ordinary Commodity: Research and Public Policy. Oxford University Press. 2010.

    3. Becker GS, Murphy KM. A theory of rational addiction. J Polit Econ 1988;96:675-700.

    4. Chaloupka FJ, Grossman M, Saffer H. The effects of price on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Alcohol Research & Health 2002;26:22-34.

    5. Cook PJ, Moore MJ. Economic perspectives on reducing alcohol-related violence. In: Martin, S.E., ed. Alcohol and Interpersonal Violence: Fostering Multidisciplinary Perspectives. NIAAA Research Monograph No. 24, NIH Pub. No. 93-3496. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 1993. pp. 193-212.

    6. Cook PJ, Tauchen G. The effect of liquor taxes on heavy drinking. Bell J Econ 1982; 13:379-390.

    7. Elder RW, Lawrence B, Ferguson A, et al. The effectiveness of tax policy interventions for reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related harm. Am J Prev Med 2010; 38:217-229.

    8. Fogarty J. The nature of the demand for alcohol: understanding elasticity. Brit Food J 2006; 108:316-332.

    9. Grossman M, Chaloupka FJ, Sirtalan I. An empirical analysis of alcohol addiction: Results from the Monitoring the Future panels. Econ Inq 1998;36:39-48.

    10. Manning WG, Blumberg LH. The demand for alcohol - the differential response to price. Moulton Journal Health Economy 1995;14: 123-148.

  • Similar Research Results (1)
  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark