Does Lower Limb Exercise Worsen Renal Artery Hemodynamics in Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm?

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Sun, Anqiang ; Tian, Xiaopeng ; Zhang, Nan ; Xu, Zaipin ; Deng, Xiaoyan ; Liu, Ming ; Liu, Xiao (2015)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science
  • Journal: PLoS ONE (issn: 1932-6203, vol: 10)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0125121, pmc: PMC4422666
  • Subject: Q | R | Research Article | Science | Medicine
    mesheuropmc: cardiovascular system | urologic and male genital diseases

Renal artery stenosis (RAS) and renal complications emerge in some patients after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) to treat abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA). The mechanisms for the causes of these problems are not clear. We hypothesized that for EVAR patients, lower limb exercise could negatively influence the physiology of the renal artery and the renal function, by decreasing the blood flow velocity and changing the hemodynamics in the renal arteries. To evaluate this hypothesis, pre- and post-operative models of the abdominal aorta were reconstructed based on CT images. The hemodynamic environment was numerically simulated under rest and lower limb exercise conditions. The results revealed that in the renal arteries, lower limb exercise decreased the wall shear stress (WSS), increased the oscillatory shear index (OSI) and increased the relative residence time (RRT). EVAR further enhanced these effects. Because these parameters are related to artery stenosis and atherosclerosis, this preliminary study concluded that lower limb exercise may increase the potential risk of inducing renal artery stenosis and renal complications for AAA patients. This finding could help elucidate the mechanism of renal artery stenosis and renal complications after EVAR and warn us to reconsider the management and nursing care of AAA patients.
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