Can Dental Pulp Calcification Predict the Risk of Ischemic Cardiovascular Disease?

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Khojastepour, Leila ; Bronoosh, Pegah ; Khosropanah, Shahdad ; Rahimi, Elham (2013)
  • Publisher: Tehran University of Medical Sciences
  • Journal: Journal of Dentistry (Tehran, Iran), volume 10, issue 5, pages 456-460 (issn: 1735-2150, eissn: 2008-2185)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC4025416
  • Subject: Cardiovascular Disease | Original Article | RK1-715 | Dental Pulp Calcification | Dentistry | Panoramic Radiography
    mesheuropmc: stomatognathic diseases | stomatognathic system

Objective: To report the association of pulp calcification with that of cardiovascular disease (CVD) using digital panoramic dental radiographs. Materials and Methods: Digital panoramic radiographs of patients referred from the angiography department were included if the patient was under 55 years old and had non-restored or minimally restored molars and canines. An oral and maxillofacial radiologist evaluated the images for pulpal calcifications in the selected teeth. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of panoramic radiography in predicting CVD were calculated. Results: Out of 122 patients who met the criteria, 68.2% of the patients with CVD had pulp chamber calcifications. Pulp calcification in panoramic radiography had a sensitivity of 68.9% to predict CVD. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that patients with CVD show an increased incidence of pulp calcification compared with healthy patients. The findings suggest that pulp calcification on panoramic radiography may have possibilities for use in CVD screening.
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