publication . Article . Other literature type . 2019

Explaining illness with evil: pathogen prevalence fosters moral vitalism

Brock Bastian; Christin-Melanie Vauclair; Steve Loughnan; Paul Bain; Ashwini Ashokkumar; Maja Becker; Michał Bilewicz; Emma Collier-Baker; Carla Crespo; Paul W. Eastwick; ...
Open Access English
  • Published: 30 Oct 2019
  • Publisher: HAL CCSD
Abstract
Pathogens represent a significant threat to human health leading to the emergence of strategies designed to help manage their negative impact. We examined how spiritual beliefs developed to explain and predict the devastating effects of pathogens and spread of infectious disease. Analysis of existing data in studies 1 and 2 suggests that moral vitalism (beliefs about spiritual forces of evil) is higher in geographical regions characterized by historical higher levels of pathogens. Furthermore, drawing on a sample of 3140 participants from 28 countries in study 3, we found that historical higher levels of pathogens were associated with stronger endorsement of mor...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: humanities
free text keywords: Pathogens, Morality, Spiritual belief, Vitalism, Disease, :Ciências Naturais::Ciências da Terra e do Ambiente [Domínio/Área Científica], :Ciências Naturais::Ciências Biológicas [Domínio/Área Científica], :Ciências Médicas::Medicina Básica [Domínio/Área Científica], :Ciências Médicas::Medicina Clínica [Domínio/Área Científica], :Ciências Médicas::Outras Ciências Médicas [Domínio/Área Científica], :Ciências da Agricultura::Outras Ciências Agrárias [Domínio/Área Científica], [SHS.PSY]Humanities and Social Sciences/Psychology, [SCCO.PSYC]Cognitive science/Psychology, BF, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Immunology and Microbiology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Environmental Science, General Medicine, Psychology, Human health, media_common.quotation_subject, media_common, Environmental ethics
Funded by
FCT| UID/PSI/03125/2013
Project
UID/PSI/03125/2013
Center for Research and Social Intervention
  • Funder: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (FCT)
  • Project Code: 147229
  • Funding stream: 5876
Communities
Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
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