Gender Differences in Pay

Article, Preprint OPEN
Francine D. Blau ; Lawrence M. Kahn (2000)
  • Journal: Journal of Economic Perspectives (vol: 14, pp: 75-99)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1257/jep.14.4.75
  • Subject:
    • jel: jel:J3 | jel:J31 | jel:J7 | jel:J16
    mesheuropmc: health care economics and organizations

We consider the gender pay gap in the United States. Both gender-specific factors, including gender differences in qualifications and discrimination, and overall wage structure, the rewards for skills and employment in particular sectors, importantly influence the gender pay gap. Declining gender differentials in the U.S., and the more rapid closing of the gender pay gap in the U.S. than elsewhere, appear to be primarily due to gender-specific factors. However, the relatively large gender pay gap in the U.S. compared to a number of other advanced countries seems primarily attributable to the very high level of U.S. wage inequality.
  • References (3)

    Aigner, Dennis and Glen Cain. 1977. "Statistical Theories of Discrimination in Labor Markets." Industrial and Labor Relations Review. 30:2, pp. 175-87.

    Barron, John M., Dan A. Black, and Mark A. Lowenstein. 1993. "Gender Differences in Training, Capital and Wages." Journal of Human Resources. 28:2, pp. 342-64.

    Blau, Francine D. 1998. "Trends in the Well-Being of American Women, 1970-1995." Journal of Economic Literature. 36:1, pp. 112-65.

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