publication . Article . 2016

Urine transduction to usable energy: A modular MFC approach for smartphone and remote system charging

Walter, X. A.; Stinchcombe, A.; Greenman, J.; Ieropoulos, I.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jun 2016 Journal: Applied Energy (issn: 0306-2619, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract
This study reports for the first time the full charging of a state-of-the-art mobile smartphone, using Microbial Fuel Cells fed with urine. This was possible by employing a new design of MFC that allowed scaling-up without power density losses. Although it was demonstrated in the past that a basic mobile phone could be charged by MFCs, the present study goes beyond this to show how, simply using urine, charges a modern-day smartphone. Several energy-harvesting systems have been tested and results have demonstrated that the charging circuitry of commercially available phones may consume up to 38% of energy on top of the battery capacity. The study concludes by de...
Subjects
free text keywords: Energy(all), Civil and Structural Engineering
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publication . Article . 2016

Urine transduction to usable energy: A modular MFC approach for smartphone and remote system charging

Walter, X. A.; Stinchcombe, A.; Greenman, J.; Ieropoulos, I.;