Realization of the "Roof Garden" in Ahmedabad by Le Corbusier : On the Creation of Villa Sarabhai

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Sendai, Shoichiro (2012)
  • Publisher: Architectural Institute of Japan
  • Journal: Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, volume 11, issue 1, pages 17-23 (issn: 1346-7581)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3130/jaabe.11.17
  • Subject: 520 | Villa Sarabhai | roof garden | sun | Le Corbusier | Ahmedabad

The study aims to clarify the relationship between Le Corbusier's global concept regarding the environment ("Sun, Space, Green") and its realization in the transformation of the architectural form of the Villa Sarabhai (1952-1955) in Ahmedabad, India. According to an analysis of 1:he Le Corbusier Archives, Carnets (Sketchbooks) and Le Corbusier's correspondence, Le Corbusier studied the architectural space of the Villa Sarabhai using the low-level vault to receive the wind and to merge into the landscape from the start of the project. However, in the process of this project, the rooftop form was transformed. That is, a roof garden where one could stroll freely on the vault was conceived. This horizontal layout with the "roof garden" differs from the utopian one that had been planned and achieved in the 1920's. The "roof garden" of Ahmedabad is a reflection of the relationship with the specific natural environment which Le Corbusier encountered.
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