publication . Article . 2017

Effect of CO2 dilution on the structure and emissions from turbulent, non-premixed methane–air jet flames

Erete, JI; Hughes, KJ; Ma, L; Fairweather, M; Pourkashanian, M; Williams, A;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Apr 2017 Journal: Journal of the Energy Institute, volume 90, pages 191-200 (issn: 1743-9671, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Country: United Kingdom
This investigation gives a comparison of the variation of temperature and gas compositions in lifted, turbulent non-premixed methane–air jet flames firing vertically into still air with different carbon dioxide diluent concentrations in the fuel jet. The carbon dioxide mole fraction ranged from 0 to 0.22 and was varied with a fixed jet velocity so that dilution-induced extinction was achieved. The effect of the changes due to this dilution on the post-flame emissions was investigated. Similarly, visual observation of the changes in the flame structure in mixture fraction space at different diluent mole fraction has been studied. An examination of the changes in ...
Medical Subject Headings: fluids and secretionshumanitiesreproductive and urinary physiology
free text keywords: Flame structure, Carbon dioxide, chemistry.chemical_compound, chemistry, Premixed flame, Analytical chemistry, Thermodynamics, Laminar flame speed, Dilution, Adiabatic flame temperature, Mole fraction, Methane
33 references, page 1 of 3

[1] International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA) and American Petroleum Institute (API). Oil and Natural Gas Industry Guidelines for Greenhouse Gas Reduction Projects, Part III: Flare Reduction Project Family; 2009. 16

[2] McEwen, J.D.N., Johnson, M.R. Black carbon particulate matter emission factors for buoyancydriven associated gas flares. J Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 2012; 62: 307-21.

[3] Associated Gas Utilization in Russia: Issues and Prospects. Annual Report, Issue 3, Moscow, 2011.

[4] Oliver, J.G.J., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Muntean, M., Peters, J.A.H.W. Trends in Global CO2 Emissions. 2013 Report, The Hague: PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency; Ispra: Joint Research Centre.

[5] International Association of Oil and Gas Producers, Flaring and Venting in the Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Industry: An overview of purpose, quantities, issues, practices and trends. Report number 2.79/288, January 2000.

[6] Johnson, M.R., Coderre, A.R. Opportunities for CO2 equivalent emissions reductions via flare and vent mitigation: A case study of Alberta, Canada. Int. J. Greenh. Gas Control 2012; 8: 121- 31.

[7] Lock, A., Briones, A.M., Aggarwal, S.K., Puri, I.K., Hegde, U. Liftoff and extinction characteristics of fuel- and air-Stream-diluted methane-air flames. Combust Flame 2002; 149: 340-52.

[8] Lock, A., Aggarwal, S.K., Puri, I.K., Hegde, U. Suppression of fuel and air stream diluted methane-air partially premixed flames in normal and microgravity. Fire Safety J. 2008; 43: 24- 35.

[9] Lock, A., Aggarwal, S.K., Puri, I.K. Effect of fuel type on the extinction of fuel and air stream diluted partially premixed flames. Proc. Combust. Inst. 2009; 32: 2583-90.

[10] Takahashi, F., Linteris, G.T., Katta, V.R. Extinguishment of methane diffusion flames by carbon dioxide in co-flow air and oxygen-enriched microgravity environments. Combust. Flame 2008; 155: 37-53. 17

[11] Guo, H., Min, J., Galizzi, C., Escudie, D., Baillot, F. A numerical study on the effects of CO2/N2/Ar addition to air on lift-off of a aminar CH4 /air diffusion flame. Combust. Sci. Tech. 2010;182: 1549-63.

[12] Min, J., Baillot, F. Experimental investigation of the flame extinction processes of nonpremixed methane flames inside an air coflow diluted with CO2, N2 or Ar. Combust. Flame 2012; 159: 3502-17.

[13] Oh, J., and, D. The effect of CO2 addition on the flame behaviour of a non-premixed oxymethane jet in a lab-scale furnace. Fuel 2014; 117: 79-86.

[14] Kalghatgi, G.T. Blow-out stability of gaseous jet diffusion flames. Part 1: In still air. Combust. Sci. Tech. 1981; 26: 233-39.

[15] Briones, A.M., Aggarwal, S.K., Katta, V.R. A numerical investigation of flame lift-off, Stabilization and blowout. Phys. Fluids 2006; 18: 043603.

33 references, page 1 of 3
Powered by OpenAIRE Open Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue
publication . Article . 2017

Effect of CO2 dilution on the structure and emissions from turbulent, non-premixed methane–air jet flames

Erete, JI; Hughes, KJ; Ma, L; Fairweather, M; Pourkashanian, M; Williams, A;