Staging the Nazi Assault on Reason: Hanns Johst's "Schlageter" and the 'Theatre of Inner Experience'

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Strobl, Gerwin;

Hanns Johst’s play Schlageter is generally regarded as the most successful piece of Nazi\ud theatre. Following its first performance in the early months of the Third Reich, it dominated\ud German theatrical life throughout 1933 and 1934. This has traditionally been rega... View more
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    35 references, page 1 of 4

    3. Quoted in Henning Rieschbieter et al., ed., Theater im Dritten Reich (Seelze-Velber: Kallmeyer, 2000), p. 649.

    4. With the notable exception of Albert Bassermann, whose Jewish wife made him unacceptable to the regime.

    5. Under the German federal system, responsibility for state theatres resided with the respective state governments. The Nazis abolished federalism in 1934 but Göring continued to control the Prussian State Theatre in Berlin as his personal fiefdom.

    6. On the Nazi purge of the Academy, see Werner Mittenzwei, Der Untergang einer Akademie oder die Mentalität des ewigen Deutschen (Berlin: Aufbau, 1992).

    7. See the biography by Rolf Düsterberg, Hanns Johst, 'Der Barde der SS': Karrieren eines deutschen Dichters (Paderborn: Schöningh, 2004).

    8. The only (temporary) exception was Göring, who sacked Johst as Dramaturg of the Prussian State Theatre in December 1933 when Johst's ideological radicalism had clashed with Göring's more pragmatic approach. For details, see Düsterberg, Hanns Johst, p. 205-9.

    9. See the letter by the Mitteldeutsche NS-Bühne to Goebbels, 9 March 1935 (Bundesarchiv Berlin R 55/ 20447, 3); on open-air productions, see Rainer Stommer, Die inszenierte Volksgemeinschaft: die Thingspielbewegung im Dritten Reich (Marburg: Jonas, 1985), p. 26.

    10. See Walther Killy, ed., Literatur Lexikon: Autoren und Werke deutscher Sprache, Vol. 6. (Bielefeld: Bertelsmann, 1990), p. 127; Franz Norbert Mennemeier, 'Vom Expressionismus zum Faschismus (Hanns Johst)', in Mennemeier, Modernes Deutsches Drama: Kritiken und Charakteristiken, Vol. 2 (Munich: Fink, 1975), p. 109.

    11. A synopsis of the play in English is included in J. M. Ritchie, 'Johst's Schlageter and the End of the Weimar Republic', in A. F. Bance, ed., Weimar Germany: Writers and Politics (Edinburgh: Scottish Academy Press, 1982), p. 153-67.

    12. Hanns Johst, Schlageter (Munich: Langen-Müller, 1933), p. 134-5.

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