publication . Article . 2017

Provision of supplementary food for wild birds may increase the risk of local nest predation

Hanmer, Hugh J.; Thomas, Rebecca L.; Fellowes, Mark D. E.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2017
  • Publisher: Wiley
Abstract
In countries such as the UK, USA and Australia, approximately half of households provide supplementary food for wild birds, making this the public’s most common form of active engagement with nature. Year round supplementary feeding is currently encouraged by major conservation charities in the UK as it is thought to be of benefit to bird conservation. However, little is understood of how the provision of supplementary food affects the behaviour and ecology of target and non-target species. Given the scale of supplementary feeding, any negative effects may have important implications for conservation. Potential nest predators are abundant in urban areas and some...
68 references, page 1 of 5

Antonov, A. & Atanasova, D. 2003. Small-scale differences in the breeding ecology of urban and rural Magpies Pica pica. Ornis Fennica, 80: 21-30.

Baker, P. J. & Harris, S. 2007. Urban mammals: what does the future hold? An analysis of the factors affecting patterns of use of residential gardens in Great Britain. Mammal Review, 37: 297- 315.

Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B. & Walker, S. 2015. Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67: 1-48.

Bland, R. L., Tully, J. & Greenwood, J. J. D. 2004. Birds breeding in British gardens: an underestimated population? Bird Study, 51: 97-106.

Bonnington, C., Gaston, K. J. & Evans, K. L. 2014a. Squirrels in suburbia: influence of urbanisation on the occurrence and distribution of a common exotic mammal. Urban Ecosystems, 17: 533- 546.

Bonnington, C., Gaston, K. J. & Evans, K. L. 2014b. Assessing the potential for Grey Squirrels Sciurus carolinensis to compete with birds at supplementary feeding stations. Ibis, 156: 220- 226.

Bonnington, C., Gaston, K. J. & Evans, K. L. 2015. Ecological traps and behavioural adjustments of urban songbirds to fine-scale spatial variation in predator activity. Animal Conservation, 16: 529-538.

Borgmann, K. L., Conway, C. J. & Morrison, M. L. 2013. Breeding phenology of birds: mechanisms underlying seasonal declines in the risk of nest predation. Plos One, 8: 10. [OpenAIRE]

Bradley, C.A. & Altizer, S. 2007. Urbanization and the ecology of wildlife diseases. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 22: 95-102.

Brittingham, M. C. & Temple, S. A. 1988. Impacts of supplemental feeding on survival rates of Black-Capped Chickadees. Ecology, 69: 581-589.

Buler, J. J. & Hamilton, R. B. 2000. Predation of natural and artificial nests in a southern pine forest. Auk, 117: 739-747.

Burke, D. M., Eliliott, K., Moore, L., Dunford, W., Nol, E., Phillips, J., Holmes, S. & Freemark, K. 2004. Patterns of nest predation on artificial and natural nests in forests. Conservation Biology, 18: 381-388.

Burnham, K. P. & Anderson, D. R. (2002) Model selection and multimodel inference: a practical information-theoretic approach, New York: Springer-Verlag.

Chace, J. F. & Walsh, J. J. 2006. Urban effects on native avifauna: a review. Landscape and Urban Planning, 74: 46-69.

Chamberlain, D. E., Vickery, J. A., Glue, D. E., Robinson, R. A., Conway, G. J., Woodburn, R. J. W. & Cannon, A. R. 2005. Annual and seasonal trends in the use of garden feeders by birds in winter. Ibis, 147: 563-575.

68 references, page 1 of 5
Abstract
In countries such as the UK, USA and Australia, approximately half of households provide supplementary food for wild birds, making this the public’s most common form of active engagement with nature. Year round supplementary feeding is currently encouraged by major conservation charities in the UK as it is thought to be of benefit to bird conservation. However, little is understood of how the provision of supplementary food affects the behaviour and ecology of target and non-target species. Given the scale of supplementary feeding, any negative effects may have important implications for conservation. Potential nest predators are abundant in urban areas and some...
68 references, page 1 of 5

Antonov, A. & Atanasova, D. 2003. Small-scale differences in the breeding ecology of urban and rural Magpies Pica pica. Ornis Fennica, 80: 21-30.

Baker, P. J. & Harris, S. 2007. Urban mammals: what does the future hold? An analysis of the factors affecting patterns of use of residential gardens in Great Britain. Mammal Review, 37: 297- 315.

Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B. & Walker, S. 2015. Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67: 1-48.

Bland, R. L., Tully, J. & Greenwood, J. J. D. 2004. Birds breeding in British gardens: an underestimated population? Bird Study, 51: 97-106.

Bonnington, C., Gaston, K. J. & Evans, K. L. 2014a. Squirrels in suburbia: influence of urbanisation on the occurrence and distribution of a common exotic mammal. Urban Ecosystems, 17: 533- 546.

Bonnington, C., Gaston, K. J. & Evans, K. L. 2014b. Assessing the potential for Grey Squirrels Sciurus carolinensis to compete with birds at supplementary feeding stations. Ibis, 156: 220- 226.

Bonnington, C., Gaston, K. J. & Evans, K. L. 2015. Ecological traps and behavioural adjustments of urban songbirds to fine-scale spatial variation in predator activity. Animal Conservation, 16: 529-538.

Borgmann, K. L., Conway, C. J. & Morrison, M. L. 2013. Breeding phenology of birds: mechanisms underlying seasonal declines in the risk of nest predation. Plos One, 8: 10. [OpenAIRE]

Bradley, C.A. & Altizer, S. 2007. Urbanization and the ecology of wildlife diseases. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 22: 95-102.

Brittingham, M. C. & Temple, S. A. 1988. Impacts of supplemental feeding on survival rates of Black-Capped Chickadees. Ecology, 69: 581-589.

Buler, J. J. & Hamilton, R. B. 2000. Predation of natural and artificial nests in a southern pine forest. Auk, 117: 739-747.

Burke, D. M., Eliliott, K., Moore, L., Dunford, W., Nol, E., Phillips, J., Holmes, S. & Freemark, K. 2004. Patterns of nest predation on artificial and natural nests in forests. Conservation Biology, 18: 381-388.

Burnham, K. P. & Anderson, D. R. (2002) Model selection and multimodel inference: a practical information-theoretic approach, New York: Springer-Verlag.

Chace, J. F. & Walsh, J. J. 2006. Urban effects on native avifauna: a review. Landscape and Urban Planning, 74: 46-69.

Chamberlain, D. E., Vickery, J. A., Glue, D. E., Robinson, R. A., Conway, G. J., Woodburn, R. J. W. & Cannon, A. R. 2005. Annual and seasonal trends in the use of garden feeders by birds in winter. Ibis, 147: 563-575.

68 references, page 1 of 5
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