A 'blessed asylum' or a utopian vision : the viability of a Protestant nunnery in early nineteenth-century England
In 1694, Mary Astell proposed the establishment of Protestant nunneries in England; in 1809, Helena Whitford reiterated the theme; yet, it was Lady Isabella King in 1816 who sought to put this radical idea into effect. A single, Irish, evangelically influenced gentlewom... View more
1 Doncaster Archives, Doncaster, S. Yks., Records of Davies-Cooke of Owston, Household Records, General Correspondence of Lady Isabella King, DD/DC [hereafter DRO], H7/7/1/2 'Hints for a working and reading association, 31st March, 1823.
2 These numbers varied from time to time; see appendices 2, 4 & 6.
3 Quarterly Review, vol.22 (July, 1819), p.96.
4 Catherine Cappe, Thoughts on Various Charitable and other Important Institutions (London & York, 1814), p.105; The Calcutta Magazine and Monthly Register, vol.4 (October, 1830), p.241; The Christian Disciple, vol.6 (February, 1818), p.60; The Ladies' Literary Cabinet, vol.1 (May, 1820), p.6. Hill's earlier work, Women Alone: Spinsters in England, 1660-1850, which examines
25 Kathryn Hughes, The Victorian Governess (London, 1993).
26 James Hammerton, Emigrant Gentlewomen: Genteel Poverty and Female Emigration, 1830-1914 (London, 1979); Olwen Hufton, 'Women without Men: Widows and Spinsters in Britain and France in the Eighteenth Century', Journal of Family History, vol.9, 4(December, 1984), p.361.
27 David R. Green & Alastair Owens, 'Gentlewomanly Capitalism? Spinsters, Widows, and Wealth Holding in England and Wales, c.1800-1860', The Economic History Review, New Series, vol.56, 3(August, 2003), p.510; Penelope Lane, 'Women Property and Inheritance: Wealth Creation and Income Generation in Small English Towns, 1750-1835', in Jon Stobart & Alastair Owens, (eds.), Urban Fortunes: Property and Inheritance in the Town, 1700-1900 (Aldershot, 2000), pp.172-194.
28 Green & Owens, 'Gentlewomanly Capitalism', p. 511.