publication . Article . 2005

Understanding the Mind or Predicting Signal-Dependent Action? Performance of Children With and Without Autism on Analogues of the False-Belief Task

Bowler, D. M.; Briskman, J.; Gurvidi, N.; Fornells-Ambrojo, M.;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jan 2005 Journal: Journal of Cognition and Development, volume 6, pages 259-283 (issn: 1524-8372, eissn: 1532-7647, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Informa UK Limited
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
To evaluate the claim that correct performance on unexpected transfer false-belief tasks specifically involves mental-state understanding, two experiments were carried out with children with autism, intellectual disabilities, and typical development. In both experiments, children were given a standard unexpected transfer false-belief task and a mental-state-free, mechanical analogue task in which participants had to predict the destination of a train based on true or false signal information. In both experiments, performance on the mechanical task was found to correlate with that on the false-belief task for all groups of children. Logistic regression showed tha...
Subjects
Medical Subject Headings: behavioral disciplines and activitiesnutritional and metabolic diseasesnervous system diseasespsychological phenomena and processes
free text keywords: Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Psychiatry and Mental health, Correlation, Logistic regression, Cognition, Cognitive psychology, Autism, medicine.disease, medicine, Social psychology, Regression analysis, Mental age, Task analysis, Developmental psychology, Psychology, Cognitive development, BF, RJ101
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publication . Article . 2005

Understanding the Mind or Predicting Signal-Dependent Action? Performance of Children With and Without Autism on Analogues of the False-Belief Task

Bowler, D. M.; Briskman, J.; Gurvidi, N.; Fornells-Ambrojo, M.;