publication . Article . 2008

Belief–logic conflict resolution in syllogistic reasoning: Inspection-time evidence for a parallel process model

Edward Stupple; Edward Stupple; Linden Ball;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2008
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
An experiment is reported examining dual-process models of belief bias in syllogistic reasoning using a problem complexity manipulation and an inspection-time method to monitor processing latencies for premises and conclusions. Endorsement rates indicated increased belief bias on complex problems, a finding that runs counter to the “belief-first” selective scrutiny model, but which is consistent with other theories, including “reasoning-first” and “parallel-process” models. Inspection-time data revealed a number of effects that, again, arbitrated against the selective scrutiny model. The most striking inspection-time result was an interaction between logic and b...
Persistent Identifiers
Subjects
free text keywords: C800, Philosophy, Psychology (miscellaneous), Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Cognition, Logical reasoning, Syllogism, Computer science, Scrutiny, Belief bias, Artificial intelligence, business.industry, business, Conflict resolution, Cognitive psychology, Cognitive bias, Heuristic
Related Organizations
29 references, page 1 of 2

Ball, L. J., Lucas, E. J., Miles, J. N. V., & Gale, A. G. (2003). Inspection times and the selection task: What do eye-movements reveal about relevance effects? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 56A, 1053-1077.

Ball, L. J., Phillips, P., Wade, C. N., & Quayle, J. D. (2006). Effects of belief and logic on syllogistic reasoning: Eye-movement evidence for selective processing models. Experimental Psychology, 53, 77-86.

Ball, L. J., & Quayle, J. D. (2000). Alternative task construals, computational escape hatches, and dual-system theories of reasoning. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 23, 667.

Espino, O., Santamaría, C., & Garcìa-Madruga, J. A. (2000b). Figure and difficulty in syllogistic reasoning Current Psychology of Cognition 19, 417-428.

Evans, J. St. B. T. (1996). Deciding before you think: Relevance and reasoning in the selection task. British Journal of Psychology, 87, 223-240.

Evans, J. St. B. T. (1998). Inspection times, relevance and reasoning: A reply to Roberts. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 51A, 811-814.

Evans, J. St. B. T. (2000). Thinking and believing. In J. Garcìa-Madruga, N. Carriedo, & M. J. González-Labra (Eds.), Mental models in reasoning (pp.41-56). Madrid: UNED.

Evans, J. St. B. T. (2006). The heuristic-analytic theory of reasoning: Extension and evaluation. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13, 378-395.

Evans, J. St. B. T. (2007). Hypothetical thinking: Dual processes in reasoning and judgement. Hove, UK: Psychology Press.

Evans, J. St. B. T., Barston, J. L., & Pollard, P. (1983). On the conflict between logic and belief in syllogistic reasoning. Memory & Cognition, 11, 295-306.

Evans, J. St. B. T., & Curtis-Holmes, J. (2005). Rapid responding increases belief bias: Evidence for the dual-process theory of reasoning. Thinking & Reasoning, 11, 382-389.

Evans, J. St. B. T., Handley, S. J., & Harper, C. (2001). Necessity, possibility and belief: A study of syllogistic reasoning. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54A, 935-958.

Evans, J. St. B. T., Newstead, S. E., & Byrne, R. M. J. (1993). Human reasoning: The psychology of deduction. Hove, UK: Erlbaum.

Evans, J. St. B. T., & Pollard, P. (1990). Belief bias and problem complexity in deductive reasoning. In J.-P. Caverni, J.-M. Fabre, & M. Gonzalez (Eds.), Cognitive biases (pp.131-154). Elsevier: North Holland.

Goel, V., & Dolan, R. J. (2003). Explaining modulation of reasoning by belief. Cognition, 87, B11-B22.

29 references, page 1 of 2
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue