publication . Article . 2008

Belief–logic conflict resolution in syllogistic reasoning: Inspection-time evidence for a parallel process model

Edward Stupple; Edward Stupple; Linden Ball;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jan 2008
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
  • Country: United Kingdom
An experiment is reported examining dual-process models of belief bias in syllogistic reasoning using a problem complexity manipulation and an inspection-time method to monitor processing latencies for premises and conclusions. Endorsement rates indicated increased belief bias on complex problems, a finding that runs counter to the “belief-first” selective scrutiny model, but which is consistent with other theories, including “reasoning-first” and “parallel-process” models. Inspection-time data revealed a number of effects that, again, arbitrated against the selective scrutiny model. The most striking inspection-time result was an interaction between logic and b...
Persistent Identifiers
free text keywords: C800, Philosophy, Psychology (miscellaneous), Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Cognition, Logical reasoning, Syllogism, Computer science, Scrutiny, Belief bias, Artificial intelligence, business.industry, business, Conflict resolution, Cognitive psychology, Cognitive bias, Heuristic
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