10 Ford, R. and Boyes, R. (2004) 'New Europeans drift home with broken dreams', The Times, 5 June 2004. Available at www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2-1134666,00.html
11 Fitzgerald, I. (2006) Organising Migrant Workers in Construction: Experience from the North East of England, Northern TUC and UCATT joint project, March 2006. Available at www.tuc.org.uk/international/tuc-11712-f0.cfm
12 For a fuller discussion of WRS problems see: Currie, S. (2006) 'The Role Played by Agencies and Employers in Facilitating Post-Accession Polish Migration to the UK', COMPAS International Conference 'International Labour Migration: In Whose Interests?', University of Oxford, 5-6 July 2006; also see McKay S. and Winklemann-Gleed A. (2005) 'Migrant Workers in the East of England', East of England Development Agency project, June 2005, available at www.eeda.org.uk/application.asp?app=publication_ful l.asp&process=full_record&id=1000109&nid=1001855
13 See Joseph Rowntree Foundation findings, www.jrf.org/knowledge/findings/socialpolicy/0226.asp and full report by Anderson B., Ruhs M., Rogaly B. and Spencer S. (2006) Fair Enough? Central and East European Migrants in Low-Wage Employment in the UK, available at www.compas.ox.ac.uk/changingstatus
14 Anderson et al. (2006) ibid., p69 17 Fitzgerald, I. (2006) ibid; Fitzgerald, I. (2006a) Migrant Workers in the North East of England: Supplementary Report, Northern TUC.
22 Edited from Stenning, A., Champion, A., Conway, C., Coombes, M., Dawley, S., Dixon, L., Raybould, S., Richardson, R. (2006) Migration and Demographic Change: Assessing the Local and Regional Impacts of International Migration, report for the Department for Communities and Local Government. Available at www.ncl.ac.uk/curds/publications/pdf/A8Final.pdf
23 These coach routes connect between most medium and large towns in Poland and, through local operators, most medium and large cities in the UK. Timetables are available at www.aura.pl There are also two buses connecting Newcastle with Kraków and Warsaw (Mon, Thurs & Sat).
24 1st Fix Recruitment based in Newcastle upon Tyne (www.1stfixrecruitment.com/).
26 Balch, A., Fellini, I., Ferro, A., Fullin, G., and Hunger, U. (2004) 'The Political Economy of Labour Migration in the European Construction Sector', special issue of IMISBeiträge edited by Michael Bommes, Kirsten Hoesch, Uwe Hunger and Holger Kolb, 25 December 2004. Available at www.imis.uni-osnabrueck.de/pdffiles/imis25.pdf
27 USDAW (2006) 'Agency and Migrant Workers', Executive Council Statement to the 2006 ADM. Available at www.usdaw.org.uk/equality/resource_library/1146131674_14901.html
47 My-Resource International Construction (www.my-resource.co.uk/index2.htm) and Euroresource International Ltd (www.euro-resource.co.uk/); both have the same contact: Peter Levchenko, BCR House, 3 Bredbury Business Park, Stockport Cheshire SK6 2SN.
48 Where possible, agencies have been related to comments but the following were given without attributing particular sites and were NOT noted for poor practices. North East: Adecco, an internationally based agency (www.adecco.co.uk and www.adecco.pl); Prime Time Recruitment, nationally based (www.primetime.co.uk); Riverside Recruitment, based in Cumbria (www.riverside-recruitment.co.uk); Sunrise Solutions, based in Blackpool; North West: 24 Seven, no details; Best Connections, based in Lancaster; Consistent, no details but has been active at Grampian Foods in Winsford, Cheshire.
49 Inter Continental Labour Ltd based in Mauritius (www.iclglobal.com/), a full-time official reported that this was a Lithuanian/Polish owned agency, which is based in Warsaw, Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia.
50 Right-4-Staff, originally called Draefern, a national agency (www.right4staff.com), covered both the plants in Cumbria. One convenor reported they were part of United Biscuits Group but this is unconfirmed.
44 ICDS Group, Connacht House, 24 Upper Fitzwilliam Street, Dublin, Eire (www.icds.ie).