publication . Article . Other literature type . 2017

Investigating the impact of media on demand for wildlife: A case study of Harry Potter and the UK trade in owls

Megias, Diane A.; Anderson, Sean C.; Smith, Robert J.; Veríssimo, Diogo;
Open Access English
  • Published: 04 Oct 2017 Journal: PLoS ONE, volume 12, issue 10 (eissn: 1932-6203, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science
  • Country: United States
Abstract
In recent decades, a substantial number of popular press articles have described an increase in demand for certain species in the pet trade due to films such as “Finding Nemo”, “Ninja turtles”, and “Harry Potter”. Nevertheless, such assertions are largely supported only by anecdotal evidence. Given the role of the wildlife trade in the spread of pathogens and zoonosis, the introduction of invasive species, the overexploitation of biodiversity, and the neglect of animal welfare, it is crucial to understand what factors drive demand for a species. Here, we investigate the effect the movie industry may have on wildlife trade by examining the relationship between th...
Subjects
free text keywords: Research Article, Biology and Life Sciences, Organisms, Animals, Vertebrates, Amniotes, Birds, Raptors, Owls, Animal Types, Wildlife, Zoology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Species Colonization, Invasive Species, Social Sciences, Sociology, Culture, Neuroscience, Cognitive Science, Cognitive Psychology, Language, Psychology, Research and Analysis Methods, Research Design, Survey Research, Surveys, Agriculture, Animal Management, Animal Welfare, Medicine, R, Science, Q, QH75, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, Newspaper, Socioeconomics, Film industry, business.industry, business, Mass media, Anecdotal evidence, Strigiformes, Wildlife trade, Geography, Environmental ethics
Communities
Agricultural and Food Sciences
Socio-economic impact of digitalisation in rural areas
29 references, page 1 of 2

1. Baker SE, Cain R, Van Kesteren F, Zommers ZA, D'cruze N, Macdonald DW. Rough trade: animal welfare in the global wildlife trade. BioScience. 2013; 63(12):928-38.

2. Smith KF, Behrens M, Schloegel LM, Marano N, Burgiel S, Daszak P. Reducing the risks of the wildlife trade. Science. 2009; 324(5927):594-5. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1174460 PMID: 19407185 3. Rosen GE, Smith KF. Summarizing the evidence on the international trade in illegal wildlife. EcoHealth. 2010; 7(1):24-32. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-010-0317-y PMID: 20524140 Verissimo D, Challender D, Nijman V. Wildlife trade in Asia: start with the consumer. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology. 2012; 1(2):49-50. [OpenAIRE]

Oldfield S. The trade in wildlife: regulation for conservation: Routledge; 2014.

Shairp R, Ver´ıssimo D, Fraser I, Challender D, MacMillan D. Understanding urban demand for wild meat in Vietnam: Implications for conservation actions. PloS one. 2016; 11(1):e0134787. https://doi.

org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134787 PMID: 26752642 Hinsley A, Verissimo D, Roberts DL. Heterogeneity in consumer preferences for orchids in international trade and the potential for the use of market research methods to study demand for wildlife. Biological Conservation. 2015; 190:80-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.05.010.

Moorhouse TP, Balaskas M, D'Cruze N, Macdonald DW. Information could reduce consumer demand for exotic pets. Conservation Letters. 2016. [OpenAIRE]

Yong DL, Fam SD, Lum S. Reel conservation: Can big screen animations save tropical biodiversity? Tropical Conservation Science. 2011; 4(3):244-53.

Militz TA, Foale S. The “Nemo Effect”: Perception and reality of Finding Nemo's impact on marine aquarium fisheries. Fish and Fisheries. 2017. [OpenAIRE]

Ver´ıssimo D, Wan AKY. Is Zootopia Creating Demand for Pet Fennec Foxes in China? (SPOILER: Probably Not). National Geographic Voices Blog. http://voices.nationalgeographic.com/2016/05/23/iszootopia-creating-demand-for-pet-fennec-foxes-in-china-spoiler-probably-not/. 2016.

Gunelius S. Harry Potter: The story of a global business phenomenon: Springer; 2008.

British Film Institute. UK Box Office Archive. 2001-2011. http://industry.bfi.org.uk/boxofficearchive .

British Broadcasting Corporation. Potter sparks pet owl demand. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/ 1716013.stm. 2001 Huffington Post. 'Harry Potter' Fans Abandoning Pet Owls Following End Of Series. http://www.

huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/22/harry-potter-fans-abandoned-owls-england_n_1537056.html?te= Dodo. 2012 British Broadcasting Corporation. Harry Potter films blamed for abandoned owls increase at north Wales sanctuary. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-north-east-wales-18142411. 2012 Buncombe. A. The Hedwig effect: Harry Potter blamed for endangering owls. The Independent. http:// www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/the-hedwig-effect-harry-potter-blamed-for-endangeringowls-2124586.html. 2010 Paul D. Hundreds of pet owls abandoned after Harry Potter craze fades. The Daily Mirror. http://www.

mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/hundreds-of-pet-owls-abandoned-after-840299. 2012 The Telegraph. Sanctuary opens for owls dumped by Harry Potter fans. The Telegraph. http://www.

telegraph.co.uk/culture/harry-potter/6082344/Sanctuary-opens-for-owls-dumped-by-Harry-Potter-fans.

29 references, page 1 of 2
Abstract
In recent decades, a substantial number of popular press articles have described an increase in demand for certain species in the pet trade due to films such as “Finding Nemo”, “Ninja turtles”, and “Harry Potter”. Nevertheless, such assertions are largely supported only by anecdotal evidence. Given the role of the wildlife trade in the spread of pathogens and zoonosis, the introduction of invasive species, the overexploitation of biodiversity, and the neglect of animal welfare, it is crucial to understand what factors drive demand for a species. Here, we investigate the effect the movie industry may have on wildlife trade by examining the relationship between th...
Subjects
free text keywords: Research Article, Biology and Life Sciences, Organisms, Animals, Vertebrates, Amniotes, Birds, Raptors, Owls, Animal Types, Wildlife, Zoology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Species Colonization, Invasive Species, Social Sciences, Sociology, Culture, Neuroscience, Cognitive Science, Cognitive Psychology, Language, Psychology, Research and Analysis Methods, Research Design, Survey Research, Surveys, Agriculture, Animal Management, Animal Welfare, Medicine, R, Science, Q, QH75, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Agricultural and Biological Sciences, General Medicine, Newspaper, Socioeconomics, Film industry, business.industry, business, Mass media, Anecdotal evidence, Strigiformes, Wildlife trade, Geography, Environmental ethics
Communities
Agricultural and Food Sciences
Socio-economic impact of digitalisation in rural areas
29 references, page 1 of 2

1. Baker SE, Cain R, Van Kesteren F, Zommers ZA, D'cruze N, Macdonald DW. Rough trade: animal welfare in the global wildlife trade. BioScience. 2013; 63(12):928-38.

2. Smith KF, Behrens M, Schloegel LM, Marano N, Burgiel S, Daszak P. Reducing the risks of the wildlife trade. Science. 2009; 324(5927):594-5. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1174460 PMID: 19407185 3. Rosen GE, Smith KF. Summarizing the evidence on the international trade in illegal wildlife. EcoHealth. 2010; 7(1):24-32. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-010-0317-y PMID: 20524140 Verissimo D, Challender D, Nijman V. Wildlife trade in Asia: start with the consumer. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology. 2012; 1(2):49-50. [OpenAIRE]

Oldfield S. The trade in wildlife: regulation for conservation: Routledge; 2014.

Shairp R, Ver´ıssimo D, Fraser I, Challender D, MacMillan D. Understanding urban demand for wild meat in Vietnam: Implications for conservation actions. PloS one. 2016; 11(1):e0134787. https://doi.

org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134787 PMID: 26752642 Hinsley A, Verissimo D, Roberts DL. Heterogeneity in consumer preferences for orchids in international trade and the potential for the use of market research methods to study demand for wildlife. Biological Conservation. 2015; 190:80-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.05.010.

Moorhouse TP, Balaskas M, D'Cruze N, Macdonald DW. Information could reduce consumer demand for exotic pets. Conservation Letters. 2016. [OpenAIRE]

Yong DL, Fam SD, Lum S. Reel conservation: Can big screen animations save tropical biodiversity? Tropical Conservation Science. 2011; 4(3):244-53.

Militz TA, Foale S. The “Nemo Effect”: Perception and reality of Finding Nemo's impact on marine aquarium fisheries. Fish and Fisheries. 2017. [OpenAIRE]

Ver´ıssimo D, Wan AKY. Is Zootopia Creating Demand for Pet Fennec Foxes in China? (SPOILER: Probably Not). National Geographic Voices Blog. http://voices.nationalgeographic.com/2016/05/23/iszootopia-creating-demand-for-pet-fennec-foxes-in-china-spoiler-probably-not/. 2016.

Gunelius S. Harry Potter: The story of a global business phenomenon: Springer; 2008.

British Film Institute. UK Box Office Archive. 2001-2011. http://industry.bfi.org.uk/boxofficearchive .

British Broadcasting Corporation. Potter sparks pet owl demand. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/ 1716013.stm. 2001 Huffington Post. 'Harry Potter' Fans Abandoning Pet Owls Following End Of Series. http://www.

huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/22/harry-potter-fans-abandoned-owls-england_n_1537056.html?te= Dodo. 2012 British Broadcasting Corporation. Harry Potter films blamed for abandoned owls increase at north Wales sanctuary. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-north-east-wales-18142411. 2012 Buncombe. A. The Hedwig effect: Harry Potter blamed for endangering owls. The Independent. http:// www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/the-hedwig-effect-harry-potter-blamed-for-endangeringowls-2124586.html. 2010 Paul D. Hundreds of pet owls abandoned after Harry Potter craze fades. The Daily Mirror. http://www.

mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/hundreds-of-pet-owls-abandoned-after-840299. 2012 The Telegraph. Sanctuary opens for owls dumped by Harry Potter fans. The Telegraph. http://www.

telegraph.co.uk/culture/harry-potter/6082344/Sanctuary-opens-for-owls-dumped-by-Harry-Potter-fans.

29 references, page 1 of 2
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publication . Article . Other literature type . 2017

Investigating the impact of media on demand for wildlife: A case study of Harry Potter and the UK trade in owls

Megias, Diane A.; Anderson, Sean C.; Smith, Robert J.; Veríssimo, Diogo;