publication . Article . 2019

Intelligent Swarm Firefly Algorithm for the Prediction of China's National Electricity Consumption

Zhang, Guangfeng; Chen, Yi; Yu, Yongnian; Hu, Huosheng; Wu, Shaomin;
Open Access English
  • Published: 08 Mar 2019
  • Publisher: Inderscience
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
China’s energy consumption is the world’s largest and is still rising, leading to concerns of energy shortage and environmental issues. It is, therefore, necessary to estimate the energy demand and to examine the dynamic nature of the electricity consumption. In this paper, we develop a nonlinear model of energy consumption and utilise a computational intelligence approach, specifcally a swarm fre?y algorithm with a variable population, to examine China’s electricity consumption with historical statistical data from 1980 to 2012. Prediction based on these data using the model and the examination is verifed with a bivariate sensitivity analysis, a bias analysis a...
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