publication . Article . 2012

Party Control, Party Competition and Public Service Performance

George Boyne; Oliver James; Peter John; Nicolai Petrovsky;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Jul 2012
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
This article assesses party effects on the performance of public services. A policy-seeking model, hypothesizing that left and right party control affects performance, and an instrumental model, where all parties strive to raise performance, are presented. The framework also suggests a mixed model in which party effects are contingent on party competition, with parties raising performance as increasing party competition places their control of government at increasing risk. These models are tested against panel data on English local governments’ party control and public service performance. The results question the traditional account of left and right parties, ...
Subjects
free text keywords: H1, JA
Related Organizations

2 Timothy Besley and Anne Case, 'Political Institutions and Policy Choices: Empirical Evidence from the United States', Journal of Economic Literature, 41 (2003), 7-73; George A. Boyne, 'Theory, Methodology and Results in Political Science - The Case of Output Studies', British Journal of Political Science, 15 (1985), 473-515; George A. Boyne, 'Assessing Party Effects on Local Policies: A Quarter Century of Progress or Eternal Recurrence?' Political Studies, 44 (1996), 232-52; L. J. Sharpe and K. Newton, Does Politics Matter? The Determinants of Public Policy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).

3 Carles Boix, Political Parties, Growth and Inequality (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998); Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens, Development and Crisis of the Welfare State: Parties and Policies in Global Markets (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001).

4 Donald E. Stokes, 'Spatial Models of Party Competition', American Political Science Review, 57 (1963), 368-77; Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart and Paul Whiteley, Political Choice in Britain (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).

5 Austin Ranney, The Doctrine of Responsible Party Government: Its Origins and Present State (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1954); Kenneth Benoit and Michael Laver, Party Policy in Modern Democracies (London: Routledge, 2006); Peter Mair, 'The Challenge to Party Government', West European Politics, 31 (2008), 211-34.

6 Schmidt, 'When Parties Matter'.

7 Boix, Political Parties, Growth and Inequality; Huber and Stephens, Development and Crisis of the Welfare State.

8 Garrett, Partisan Politics in the Global Economy; Torben Iversen and David Soskice, 'Real Exchange Rates and Competitiveness: The Political Economy of Skill Formation, Wage Compression, and Electoral Systems', American Political Science Review, 104 (2010), 601-23.

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