publication . Article . 2013

Stimulus fear-relevance and the vicarious learning pathway to childhood fears

Gemma Reynolds;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Oct 2013
  • Publisher: American Psychological Association
  • Country: United Kingdom
Enhanced fear learning for fear-relevant stimuli has been demonstrated in procedures with adults in the laboratory. Three experiments investigated the effect of stimulus fear-relevance on vicarious fear learning in children (aged 6-11 years). Pictures of stimuli with different levels of fear-relevance (flowers, caterpillars, snakes, worms, and Australian marsupials) were presented alone or together with scared faces. In line with previous studies, children's fear beliefs and avoidance preferences increased for stimuli they had seen with scared faces. However, in contrast to evidence with adults, learning was mostly similar for all stimulus types irrespective of ...
free text keywords: psychology
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