publication . Article . 2018

Digital Art as ‘Monetised Graphics’: Enforcing Intellectual Property on the Blockchain

Martin Zeilinger;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Mar 2018
  • Publisher: Springer
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
In a global economic landscape of hyper-commodification and financialisation, efforts to assimilate digital art into the high-stakes commercial art market have so far been rather unsuccessful, presumably because digital art works cannot easily assume the status of precious object worthy of collection. This essay explores the use of blockchain technologies in attempts to create proprietary digital art markets in which uncommodifiable digital art works are financialised as artificially scarce commodities. Using the decentralisation techniques and distributed database protocols underlying current cryptocurrency technologies, such efforts, exemplified here by the pl...
Subjects
free text keywords: Philosophy, History and Philosophy of Science, Sociology, Intellectual property, Cryptocurrency, Digital rights management, Digital art, Work of art, New media, Private property, Computer security, computer.software_genre, computer, Law and economics, Social science, Commercial art
Related Organizations
91 references, page 1 of 7

Armstrong, T. (2006). Digital rights management and the process of fair use. Harvard Journal of Law & Technology, 20, 49-121.

Bellamy, J. (2007). The Financialization of Capitalism. Monthly Review 58(11). http://monthlyreview. org/2007/04/01/the-financialization-of-capitalism/. Accessed 16 Nov 2016.

Bently, L., & Sherman, B. (2014). Intellectual property law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Biennale, B. (n.d.). Blockchain visionaries. http://bb9.berlinbiennale.de/participants/simon-denny/. Accessed 20 Sept 2016.

Bitcoin Glossary (n.d.). 51 % attack, majority hash rate attack. https://bitcoin.org/en/glossary/51-percentattack. Accessed 26 Sept 2016.

BitFury Group (2015). Public versus private blockchains. Part 1: permissioned blockchains. http://bitfury. com/content/5-white-papers-research/public-vs-private-pt1-1.pdf. Accessed 7 Sept 2016.

Bonfield, B. (2013). Ending a HarperCollins Boycott (February 27, 2011-August 7, 2013). http://www. inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2013/ending-a-harpercollins-boycott-february-27-2011-august-7-2013/. Accessed 17 Sept 2016. [OpenAIRE]

Bookchin, N., & Shulgin, A. (1999). Introduction to Net.Art (1994-1999). http://subsol.c3.hu/subsol_2 /contributors/bookchintext.html. Accessed 2 May 2016.

Boon, M. (2010). In Praise of Copying. Cambrige, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Boon, M. (2014). From the right to copy to practices of copying. In R. J. Coombe, D. Wershler, & M. Zeilinger (Eds.), Dynamic fair dealing (pp. 56-64). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Boucher, B. (2015). Art Basel dealers report tsunami of sales in first few hours. https://news.artnet. com/market/art-basel-dealers-report-sales-308752. Accessed 6 Sept 2016.

Boyle, J. (2008). The public domain. Enclosing the commons of the mind. New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press.

Buterin, V. (2014). A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform (white paper). https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/White-Paper. Accessed 8 Sept 2016.

Carroll/Fletcher Gallery (2016). Neoliberal Lulz: Constant Dullaart, Femke Herregraven, Émilie Brout & Maxime Marion, and Jennifer Lyn Morone. http://www.carrollfletcher.com/exhibitions/50/overview/. Accessed 2 May 2016.

Carruthers, B. G., & Kim, J.-C. (2011). The sociology of finance. Annual Review of Sociology, 37, 239-259.

91 references, page 1 of 7
Abstract
In a global economic landscape of hyper-commodification and financialisation, efforts to assimilate digital art into the high-stakes commercial art market have so far been rather unsuccessful, presumably because digital art works cannot easily assume the status of precious object worthy of collection. This essay explores the use of blockchain technologies in attempts to create proprietary digital art markets in which uncommodifiable digital art works are financialised as artificially scarce commodities. Using the decentralisation techniques and distributed database protocols underlying current cryptocurrency technologies, such efforts, exemplified here by the pl...
Subjects
free text keywords: Philosophy, History and Philosophy of Science, Sociology, Intellectual property, Cryptocurrency, Digital rights management, Digital art, Work of art, New media, Private property, Computer security, computer.software_genre, computer, Law and economics, Social science, Commercial art
Related Organizations
91 references, page 1 of 7

Armstrong, T. (2006). Digital rights management and the process of fair use. Harvard Journal of Law & Technology, 20, 49-121.

Bellamy, J. (2007). The Financialization of Capitalism. Monthly Review 58(11). http://monthlyreview. org/2007/04/01/the-financialization-of-capitalism/. Accessed 16 Nov 2016.

Bently, L., & Sherman, B. (2014). Intellectual property law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Biennale, B. (n.d.). Blockchain visionaries. http://bb9.berlinbiennale.de/participants/simon-denny/. Accessed 20 Sept 2016.

Bitcoin Glossary (n.d.). 51 % attack, majority hash rate attack. https://bitcoin.org/en/glossary/51-percentattack. Accessed 26 Sept 2016.

BitFury Group (2015). Public versus private blockchains. Part 1: permissioned blockchains. http://bitfury. com/content/5-white-papers-research/public-vs-private-pt1-1.pdf. Accessed 7 Sept 2016.

Bonfield, B. (2013). Ending a HarperCollins Boycott (February 27, 2011-August 7, 2013). http://www. inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2013/ending-a-harpercollins-boycott-february-27-2011-august-7-2013/. Accessed 17 Sept 2016. [OpenAIRE]

Bookchin, N., & Shulgin, A. (1999). Introduction to Net.Art (1994-1999). http://subsol.c3.hu/subsol_2 /contributors/bookchintext.html. Accessed 2 May 2016.

Boon, M. (2010). In Praise of Copying. Cambrige, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Boon, M. (2014). From the right to copy to practices of copying. In R. J. Coombe, D. Wershler, & M. Zeilinger (Eds.), Dynamic fair dealing (pp. 56-64). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Boucher, B. (2015). Art Basel dealers report tsunami of sales in first few hours. https://news.artnet. com/market/art-basel-dealers-report-sales-308752. Accessed 6 Sept 2016.

Boyle, J. (2008). The public domain. Enclosing the commons of the mind. New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press.

Buterin, V. (2014). A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform (white paper). https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/White-Paper. Accessed 8 Sept 2016.

Carroll/Fletcher Gallery (2016). Neoliberal Lulz: Constant Dullaart, Femke Herregraven, Émilie Brout & Maxime Marion, and Jennifer Lyn Morone. http://www.carrollfletcher.com/exhibitions/50/overview/. Accessed 2 May 2016.

Carruthers, B. G., & Kim, J.-C. (2011). The sociology of finance. Annual Review of Sociology, 37, 239-259.

91 references, page 1 of 7
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publication . Article . 2018

Digital Art as ‘Monetised Graphics’: Enforcing Intellectual Property on the Blockchain

Martin Zeilinger;