publication . Article . 2016

Direct Fabrication of Functional Ultrathin Single-Crystal Nanowires from Quasi-One-Dimensional van der Waals Crystals

Liu, Xue; Liu, Jinyu; Antipina, Liubov Yu; Hu, Jin; Yue, Chunlei; Sánchez, Ana M.; Sorokin, Pavel B.; Mao, Zhiqiang; Wei, Jiang;
Open Access
  • Published: 12 Sep 2016 Journal: Nano Letters, volume 16, pages 6,188-6,195 (issn: 1530-6984, eissn: 1530-6992, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
Micromechanical exfoliation of two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals materials has triggered an explosive interest in 2D material research. The extension of this idea to 1D van der Waals materials, possibly opening a new arena for 1D material research, has not yet been realized. In this paper, we demonstrate that 1D nanowire with sizes as small as six molecular ribbons, can be readily achieved in the Ta2(Pd or Pt)3Se8 system by simple micromechanical exfoliation. Exfoliated Ta2Pd3Se8 nanowires are n-type semiconductors, whereas isostructural Ta2Pt3Se8 nanowires are p-type semiconductors. Both types of nanowires show excellent electrical switching performance as the...
Subjects
free text keywords: Mechanical Engineering, General Materials Science, Bioengineering, General Chemistry, Condensed Matter Physics, Materials science, Single crystal, Crystal, van der Waals force, symbols.namesake, symbols, Fabrication, Exfoliation joint, Nanowire, Semiconductor, business.industry, business, Field-effect transistor, TK
Related Organizations
22 references, page 1 of 2

Novoselov, K. S. et al. Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films. Science 306, 666-669, doi:10.1126/science.1102896 (2004).

Novoselov, K. S. et al. Two-dimensional atomic crystals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 10451-10453, doi:10.1073/pnas.0502848102 (2005).

Novoselov, K. S. et al. Room-Temperature Quantum Hall Effect in Graphene. Science 315, 1379-1379, doi:10.1126/science.1137201 (2007).

RadisavljevicB, RadenovicA, BrivioJ, GiacomettiV & KisA. Single-layer MoS2 transistors. Nat Nano 6, 147-150 (2011).

Das, S., Chen, H.-Y., Penumatcha, A. V. & Appenzeller, J. High Performance Multilayer MoS2 Transistors with Scandium Contacts. Nano Letters 13, 100-105, doi:10.1021/nl303583v (2013).

Li, L. et al. Black phosphorus field-effect transistors. Nat Nano 9, 372-377 (2014).

Mak, K. F., Lee, C., Hone, J., Shan, J. & Heinz, T. F. Atomically Thin MoS2: A New Direct-Gap Semiconductor. Physical Review Letters 105, 136805 (2010).

Zeng, H., Dai, J., Yao, W., Xiao, D. & Cui, X. Valley polarization in MoS2 monolayers by optical pumping. Nat Nano 7, 490-493 (2012).

Gorbachev, R. V. et al. Strong Coulomb drag and broken symmetry in double-layer graphene. Nat Phys 8, 896-901 (2012).

Cui, X. et al. Multi-terminal transport measurements of MoS2 using a van der Waals heterostructure device platform. Nat Nano 10, 534-540 (2015).

Nathaniel, G. et al. Gate tunable quantum oscillations in air-stable and high mobility fewlayer phosphorene heterostructures. 2D Materials 2, 011001 (2015).

Iijima, S. Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon. nature 354, 56-58 (1991).

Applied Physics Letters 4, 89-90 (1964).

Wang, Y., Schmidt, V., Senz, S. & Gösele, U. Epitaxial growth of silicon nanowires using an aluminium catalyst. Nature nanotechnology 1, 186-189 (2006).

Tang, Y., Pei, L., Chen, Y. & Guo, C. Self-assembled silicon nanotubes under supercritically hydrothermal conditions. Physical review letters 95, 116102 (2005).

22 references, page 1 of 2
Abstract
Micromechanical exfoliation of two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals materials has triggered an explosive interest in 2D material research. The extension of this idea to 1D van der Waals materials, possibly opening a new arena for 1D material research, has not yet been realized. In this paper, we demonstrate that 1D nanowire with sizes as small as six molecular ribbons, can be readily achieved in the Ta2(Pd or Pt)3Se8 system by simple micromechanical exfoliation. Exfoliated Ta2Pd3Se8 nanowires are n-type semiconductors, whereas isostructural Ta2Pt3Se8 nanowires are p-type semiconductors. Both types of nanowires show excellent electrical switching performance as the...
Subjects
free text keywords: Mechanical Engineering, General Materials Science, Bioengineering, General Chemistry, Condensed Matter Physics, Materials science, Single crystal, Crystal, van der Waals force, symbols.namesake, symbols, Fabrication, Exfoliation joint, Nanowire, Semiconductor, business.industry, business, Field-effect transistor, TK
Related Organizations
22 references, page 1 of 2

Novoselov, K. S. et al. Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films. Science 306, 666-669, doi:10.1126/science.1102896 (2004).

Novoselov, K. S. et al. Two-dimensional atomic crystals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 10451-10453, doi:10.1073/pnas.0502848102 (2005).

Novoselov, K. S. et al. Room-Temperature Quantum Hall Effect in Graphene. Science 315, 1379-1379, doi:10.1126/science.1137201 (2007).

RadisavljevicB, RadenovicA, BrivioJ, GiacomettiV & KisA. Single-layer MoS2 transistors. Nat Nano 6, 147-150 (2011).

Das, S., Chen, H.-Y., Penumatcha, A. V. & Appenzeller, J. High Performance Multilayer MoS2 Transistors with Scandium Contacts. Nano Letters 13, 100-105, doi:10.1021/nl303583v (2013).

Li, L. et al. Black phosphorus field-effect transistors. Nat Nano 9, 372-377 (2014).

Mak, K. F., Lee, C., Hone, J., Shan, J. & Heinz, T. F. Atomically Thin MoS2: A New Direct-Gap Semiconductor. Physical Review Letters 105, 136805 (2010).

Zeng, H., Dai, J., Yao, W., Xiao, D. & Cui, X. Valley polarization in MoS2 monolayers by optical pumping. Nat Nano 7, 490-493 (2012).

Gorbachev, R. V. et al. Strong Coulomb drag and broken symmetry in double-layer graphene. Nat Phys 8, 896-901 (2012).

Cui, X. et al. Multi-terminal transport measurements of MoS2 using a van der Waals heterostructure device platform. Nat Nano 10, 534-540 (2015).

Nathaniel, G. et al. Gate tunable quantum oscillations in air-stable and high mobility fewlayer phosphorene heterostructures. 2D Materials 2, 011001 (2015).

Iijima, S. Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon. nature 354, 56-58 (1991).

Applied Physics Letters 4, 89-90 (1964).

Wang, Y., Schmidt, V., Senz, S. & Gösele, U. Epitaxial growth of silicon nanowires using an aluminium catalyst. Nature nanotechnology 1, 186-189 (2006).

Tang, Y., Pei, L., Chen, Y. & Guo, C. Self-assembled silicon nanotubes under supercritically hydrothermal conditions. Physical review letters 95, 116102 (2005).

22 references, page 1 of 2
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publication . Article . 2016

Direct Fabrication of Functional Ultrathin Single-Crystal Nanowires from Quasi-One-Dimensional van der Waals Crystals

Liu, Xue; Liu, Jinyu; Antipina, Liubov Yu; Hu, Jin; Yue, Chunlei; Sánchez, Ana M.; Sorokin, Pavel B.; Mao, Zhiqiang; Wei, Jiang;