publication . Article . 2012

Cognitive and affective components of challenge and threat states

Meijen, Carla; Jones, Marc V.; McCarthy, Paul J.; Sheffield, David; Allen, Mark S.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 20 Dec 2012
  • Publisher: Taylor Francis Online
Abstract
We explored the cognitive and affective components of the Theory of Challenge and Threat States in Athletes (TCTSA) using a cross-sectional design. One hundred and seventy-seven collegiate athletes indicated how they typically approached an important competition on measures of self-efficacy, perceived control, achievement goals, emotional states and interpretation of emotional states. Participants also indicated to what extent they typically perceived the important competition as a challenge and/or a threat. The results suggest that a perception of challenge was not predicted by any of the cognitive components. A perception of threat was positively predicted by ...
Subjects
free text keywords: H
43 references, page 1 of 3

Adie, J. W., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2008). Achievement goals, competition appraisals, and the psychological and emotional welfare of sport participants. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 30(3), 302-322. Retrieved from http://journals.humankinetics.com/jsep [OpenAIRE]

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211. doi:10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T

Anshel, M. H., & Wells, B. (2000). Personal and situational variables that describe coping with acute stress in competitive sport. Journal of Social Psychology, 140(4), 434-450. doi:10.1080/00224540009600483

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York, NY: Freeman.

Bandura, A., & Wood, R. (1989). Effect of perceived controllability and performance standards on self-regulation of complex decision making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56(5), 805-814. doi:10.1037/0022- 3514.56.5.805

Baron, R, M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173-1182. doi:10.1037/0022- 3514.51.6.1173

Blascovich, J., & Mendes, W. B. (2000). Challenge and threat appraisals: The role of affective cues. In J. P. Forgas (Ed.), Feeling and thinking: The role of affect in social cognition (pp. 59 82). Paris: Cambridge University Press.

Blascovich, J., Seery, M. D., Mugridge, C. A., Norris, R. K., & Weisbuch, M. (2004). Predicting athletic performance from cardiovascular indexes of challenge and threat. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40(5), 683-688. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2003.10.007

Blascovich, J., & Tomaka, J. (1996). The biopsychosocial model of arousal regulation. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 28, 1-51. doi:10.1016/S0065- 2601(08)60235-X.

Bonetti, D., & Johnston, M. (2008). Perceived control predicting the recovery of individual-specific walking behaviours following stroke: Testing psychological models and constructs. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13(3), 463-478. doi:10.1348/135910707X216648

Campbell, E., & Jones, G. (2002). Cognitive appraisals of sources of stress experienced by elite male wheelchair basketball players. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 19(1), 100-108. Retrieved from http://journals.humankinetics.com/apaq

Carver, C. S. (1996). Cognitive interference and the structure of behavior. In I. G. Sarason, G. R. Pierce, & B. R. Sarason (Eds.), Cognitive interference: Theories, methods and findings (pp. 25-45). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Cerin, E. (2003). Anxiety versus fundamental emotions as predictors of perceived functionality of pre-competitive emotional states, threat, and challenge in individual sports. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 15(3), 223-238. doi:10.1080/10413200305389

Coffee, P., & Rees, T. (2008). Main and interactive effects of controllability and generalisability attributions upon self-efficacy. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9(6), 775-785. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2007.12.002

Conner, M., & Sparks, P. (1996). The theory of planned behaviour and health behaviours. In M. Conner & P. Norman (Eds.), Predicting health behaviour (pp. 121- 162). Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.

43 references, page 1 of 3
Abstract
We explored the cognitive and affective components of the Theory of Challenge and Threat States in Athletes (TCTSA) using a cross-sectional design. One hundred and seventy-seven collegiate athletes indicated how they typically approached an important competition on measures of self-efficacy, perceived control, achievement goals, emotional states and interpretation of emotional states. Participants also indicated to what extent they typically perceived the important competition as a challenge and/or a threat. The results suggest that a perception of challenge was not predicted by any of the cognitive components. A perception of threat was positively predicted by ...
Subjects
free text keywords: H
43 references, page 1 of 3

Adie, J. W., Duda, J. L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2008). Achievement goals, competition appraisals, and the psychological and emotional welfare of sport participants. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 30(3), 302-322. Retrieved from http://journals.humankinetics.com/jsep [OpenAIRE]

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211. doi:10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T

Anshel, M. H., & Wells, B. (2000). Personal and situational variables that describe coping with acute stress in competitive sport. Journal of Social Psychology, 140(4), 434-450. doi:10.1080/00224540009600483

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York, NY: Freeman.

Bandura, A., & Wood, R. (1989). Effect of perceived controllability and performance standards on self-regulation of complex decision making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56(5), 805-814. doi:10.1037/0022- 3514.56.5.805

Baron, R, M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173-1182. doi:10.1037/0022- 3514.51.6.1173

Blascovich, J., & Mendes, W. B. (2000). Challenge and threat appraisals: The role of affective cues. In J. P. Forgas (Ed.), Feeling and thinking: The role of affect in social cognition (pp. 59 82). Paris: Cambridge University Press.

Blascovich, J., Seery, M. D., Mugridge, C. A., Norris, R. K., & Weisbuch, M. (2004). Predicting athletic performance from cardiovascular indexes of challenge and threat. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40(5), 683-688. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2003.10.007

Blascovich, J., & Tomaka, J. (1996). The biopsychosocial model of arousal regulation. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 28, 1-51. doi:10.1016/S0065- 2601(08)60235-X.

Bonetti, D., & Johnston, M. (2008). Perceived control predicting the recovery of individual-specific walking behaviours following stroke: Testing psychological models and constructs. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13(3), 463-478. doi:10.1348/135910707X216648

Campbell, E., & Jones, G. (2002). Cognitive appraisals of sources of stress experienced by elite male wheelchair basketball players. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 19(1), 100-108. Retrieved from http://journals.humankinetics.com/apaq

Carver, C. S. (1996). Cognitive interference and the structure of behavior. In I. G. Sarason, G. R. Pierce, & B. R. Sarason (Eds.), Cognitive interference: Theories, methods and findings (pp. 25-45). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Cerin, E. (2003). Anxiety versus fundamental emotions as predictors of perceived functionality of pre-competitive emotional states, threat, and challenge in individual sports. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 15(3), 223-238. doi:10.1080/10413200305389

Coffee, P., & Rees, T. (2008). Main and interactive effects of controllability and generalisability attributions upon self-efficacy. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9(6), 775-785. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2007.12.002

Conner, M., & Sparks, P. (1996). The theory of planned behaviour and health behaviours. In M. Conner & P. Norman (Eds.), Predicting health behaviour (pp. 121- 162). Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.

43 references, page 1 of 3
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