Combined stress from parasites, pesticides and lack of flowers drives bee declines

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Goulson, Dave; Nicholls, Beth; Botias Talamantes, Cristina; Rotheray, Ellen;

Bees are subject to numerous pressures in the modern world. The abundance and diversity of flowers has declined, bees are chronically exposed to cocktails of agrochemicals, and they are simultaneously exposed to novel parasites accidentally spread by humans. Climate cha... View more
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