publication . Article . 2011

Measuring Fitness of Kenyan Children with Polyparasitic Infections Using the 20-Meter Shuttle Run Test as a Morbidity Metric

Bustinduy, Amaya L; Thomas, Charles L; Fiutem, Justin J; Parraga, Isabel M; Mungai, Peter L; Muchiri, Eric M; Mutuku, Francis; Kitron, Uriel; King, Charles H;
Open Access
  • Published: 01 Jul 2011 Journal: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, volume 5, page e1213 (eissn: 1935-2735, Copyright policy)
  • Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
Author Summary Reduced physical fitness, which is a manifestation of the body's inability to maintain adequate oxygen supply to the tissues, can have many causes. In developing countries, a person's low physical fitness is often the result of anemia and undernutrition, which have multifactorial etiologies including poor diet and chronic infections such as malaria, hookworm and schistosomiasis. In past surveys, exercise tolerance has been measured using non-standardized tests that were poorly-suited to young children. In this study, we implemented a well-validated and reliable 20-meter shuttle run test in a low-resource area of Kenya. Results for 1950 children, a...
Subjects
free text keywords: Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, Infectious Diseases, Anthropometry, Anemia, medicine.disease, medicine, Immunology, Aerobic exercise, Multi-stage fitness test, Wasting, medicine.symptom, VO2 max, Physical fitness, business.industry, business, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Research Article, Diagnostic Medicine, Test Evaluation, Hematology, Parasitic Diseases, Filariasis, Hookworm Infection, Malaria, Schistosomiasis, Neglected Tropical Diseases, Nutrition, Malnutrition, Pediatrics, Child Development, Growth Retardation, Public Health, Child Health, Health Screening, Socioeconomic Aspects of Health, Sports and Exercise Medicine, Arctic medicine. Tropical medicine, RC955-962, Public aspects of medicine, RA1-1270
47 references, page 1 of 4

1. Guerrant DI, Moore SR, Lima AA, Patrick PD, Schorling JB, et al. (1999) Association of early childhood diarrhea and cryptosporidiosis with impaired physical fitness and cognitive function four to seven years later in a poor urban community in northeast Brazil. Am J Trop Med Hyg 61: 707-713. [OpenAIRE]

2. Stephenson LS, Latham MC, Kurz KM, Miller D, Kinoti SN, et al. (1985) Urinary iron loss and physical fitness of Kenyan children with urinary schistosomiasis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 34: 322-330.

3. Nokes C, Grantham-McGregor SM, Sawyer AW, Cooper ES, Bundy DA (1992) Parasitic helminth infection and cognitive function in school children. Proc Biol Sci 247: 77-81.

4. King CH (2010) Parasites and poverty: the case of schistosomiasis. Acta Trop 113: 95-104.

5. King CH, Bertino AM (2008) Asymmetries of poverty: why global burden of disease valuations underestimate the burden of neglected tropical diseases. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2: e209.

6. Liu NY, Plowman SA, Looney MA (1992) The reliability and validity of the 20- meter shuttle test in American students 12 to 15 years old. Res Q Exerc Sport 63: 360-365.

7. Tomkinson GR, Leger LA, Olds TS, Cazorla G (2003) Secular trends in the performance of children and adolescents (1980-2000): an analysis of 55 studies of the 20 m shuttle run test in 11 countries. Sports Med 33: 285-300.

8. Olds T, Tomkinson G, Baker S (2003) Fitness differentials amongst schools: how are they related to school sector? J Sci Med Sport 6: 313-327.

9. Areskog NH, Selinus R, Vahlquist B (1969) Physical work capacity and nutritional status in Ethiopian male children and young adults. Am J Clin Nutr 22: 471-479. [OpenAIRE]

10. Satyanarayana K, Naidu AN, Narasinga Rao BS (1979) Nutritional deprivation in childhood and the body size, activity, and physical work capacity of young boys. Am J Clin Nutr 32: 1769-1775. [OpenAIRE]

11. Benefice E, Cames C (1999) Physical activity patterns of rural Senegalese adolescent girls during the dry and rainy seasons measured by movement registration and direct observation methods. Eur J Clin Nutr 53: 636-643. [OpenAIRE]

12. Stephenson LS, Latham MC, Adams EJ, Kinoti SN, Pertet A (1993) Physical fitness, growth and appetite of Kenyan school boys with hookworm, Trichuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides infections are improved four months after a single dose of albendazole. J Nutr 123: 1036-1046.

13. Latham MC, Stephenson LS, Kurz KM, Kinoti SN (1990) Metrifonate or praziquantel treatment improves physical fitness and appetite of Kenyan schoolboys with Schistosoma haematobium and hookworm infections. Am J Trop Med Hyg 43: 170-179. [OpenAIRE]

14. Ndamba J, Makaza N, Munjoma M, Gomo E, Kaondera KC (1993) The physical fitness and work performance of agricultural workers infected with Schistosoma mansoni in Zimbabwe. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 87: 553-561. [OpenAIRE]

15. Wu XH, Wang TP, Lu DB, Hu HT, Gao ZB, et al. (2002) Studies of impact on physical fitness and working capacity of patients with advanced schistosomiasis japonica in Susong County, Anhui Province. Acta Trop 82: 247-252.

47 references, page 1 of 4
Abstract
Author Summary Reduced physical fitness, which is a manifestation of the body's inability to maintain adequate oxygen supply to the tissues, can have many causes. In developing countries, a person's low physical fitness is often the result of anemia and undernutrition, which have multifactorial etiologies including poor diet and chronic infections such as malaria, hookworm and schistosomiasis. In past surveys, exercise tolerance has been measured using non-standardized tests that were poorly-suited to young children. In this study, we implemented a well-validated and reliable 20-meter shuttle run test in a low-resource area of Kenya. Results for 1950 children, a...
Subjects
free text keywords: Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, Infectious Diseases, Anthropometry, Anemia, medicine.disease, medicine, Immunology, Aerobic exercise, Multi-stage fitness test, Wasting, medicine.symptom, VO2 max, Physical fitness, business.industry, business, Population, education.field_of_study, education, Research Article, Diagnostic Medicine, Test Evaluation, Hematology, Parasitic Diseases, Filariasis, Hookworm Infection, Malaria, Schistosomiasis, Neglected Tropical Diseases, Nutrition, Malnutrition, Pediatrics, Child Development, Growth Retardation, Public Health, Child Health, Health Screening, Socioeconomic Aspects of Health, Sports and Exercise Medicine, Arctic medicine. Tropical medicine, RC955-962, Public aspects of medicine, RA1-1270
47 references, page 1 of 4

1. Guerrant DI, Moore SR, Lima AA, Patrick PD, Schorling JB, et al. (1999) Association of early childhood diarrhea and cryptosporidiosis with impaired physical fitness and cognitive function four to seven years later in a poor urban community in northeast Brazil. Am J Trop Med Hyg 61: 707-713. [OpenAIRE]

2. Stephenson LS, Latham MC, Kurz KM, Miller D, Kinoti SN, et al. (1985) Urinary iron loss and physical fitness of Kenyan children with urinary schistosomiasis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 34: 322-330.

3. Nokes C, Grantham-McGregor SM, Sawyer AW, Cooper ES, Bundy DA (1992) Parasitic helminth infection and cognitive function in school children. Proc Biol Sci 247: 77-81.

4. King CH (2010) Parasites and poverty: the case of schistosomiasis. Acta Trop 113: 95-104.

5. King CH, Bertino AM (2008) Asymmetries of poverty: why global burden of disease valuations underestimate the burden of neglected tropical diseases. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2: e209.

6. Liu NY, Plowman SA, Looney MA (1992) The reliability and validity of the 20- meter shuttle test in American students 12 to 15 years old. Res Q Exerc Sport 63: 360-365.

7. Tomkinson GR, Leger LA, Olds TS, Cazorla G (2003) Secular trends in the performance of children and adolescents (1980-2000): an analysis of 55 studies of the 20 m shuttle run test in 11 countries. Sports Med 33: 285-300.

8. Olds T, Tomkinson G, Baker S (2003) Fitness differentials amongst schools: how are they related to school sector? J Sci Med Sport 6: 313-327.

9. Areskog NH, Selinus R, Vahlquist B (1969) Physical work capacity and nutritional status in Ethiopian male children and young adults. Am J Clin Nutr 22: 471-479. [OpenAIRE]

10. Satyanarayana K, Naidu AN, Narasinga Rao BS (1979) Nutritional deprivation in childhood and the body size, activity, and physical work capacity of young boys. Am J Clin Nutr 32: 1769-1775. [OpenAIRE]

11. Benefice E, Cames C (1999) Physical activity patterns of rural Senegalese adolescent girls during the dry and rainy seasons measured by movement registration and direct observation methods. Eur J Clin Nutr 53: 636-643. [OpenAIRE]

12. Stephenson LS, Latham MC, Adams EJ, Kinoti SN, Pertet A (1993) Physical fitness, growth and appetite of Kenyan school boys with hookworm, Trichuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides infections are improved four months after a single dose of albendazole. J Nutr 123: 1036-1046.

13. Latham MC, Stephenson LS, Kurz KM, Kinoti SN (1990) Metrifonate or praziquantel treatment improves physical fitness and appetite of Kenyan schoolboys with Schistosoma haematobium and hookworm infections. Am J Trop Med Hyg 43: 170-179. [OpenAIRE]

14. Ndamba J, Makaza N, Munjoma M, Gomo E, Kaondera KC (1993) The physical fitness and work performance of agricultural workers infected with Schistosoma mansoni in Zimbabwe. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 87: 553-561. [OpenAIRE]

15. Wu XH, Wang TP, Lu DB, Hu HT, Gao ZB, et al. (2002) Studies of impact on physical fitness and working capacity of patients with advanced schistosomiasis japonica in Susong County, Anhui Province. Acta Trop 82: 247-252.

47 references, page 1 of 4
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